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Gas-starved EU nations seek end to energy crisis

 The gas pumping station at Pisarevka, Russia, seen  Tuesday, Jan. 13, 2009. EU Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso has complained directly to Ru...
 The gas pumping station at Pisarevka, Russia, is seen  Tuesday, Jan. 13, 2009. EU Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso has complained directly to...
 A gas pipeline worker, checks equipment at the gas pumping station at Pisarevka, Russia, seen Tuesday, Jan. 13, 2009.   EU Commission President Jose ...
 Oleh Dubyna, the head of Ukrainian state energy firm Naftogaz, points to a map as he speaks during a news conference in Kiev, Ukraine, Tuesday, Jan. ...
   In this Tuesday Oct. 14, 2008 file photo European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso gestures while speaking during a media conference at EU ...
 A gas pipeline worker, checks the valves at the  gas pumping station at Pisarevka, Russia, seen Tuesday, Jan. 13, 2009.   EU Commission President Jos...
 Ukraine's President Viktor Yushchenko speaks during his news conference  in Kiev, Ukraine, Tuesday, Jan. 13, 2009.  Russia and Ukraine hotly blamed e...
 Russian  gas monopoly Gazprom's employee seen in Gazprom's main control room in Moscow, Russia, Tuesday, Jan. 13, 2009.  Russia and Ukraine hotly bla...
 Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin speaks during a visit to gas monopoly Gazprom's main control room in Moscow, Russia, Tuesday, Jan. 13, 2009.  R...
 General view of Russian natural gas monopoly Gazprom headquarters in Moscow, Russia, Tuesday, Jan. 13, 2009. Russia and Ukraine hotly blamed each oth...
 Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko gestures speaking at his news conference in Kiev, Ukraine, Tuesday, Jan. 13, 2009. Russia and Ukraine hotly bla...

Ukraine Russia Gas

The gas pumping station at Pisarevka, Russia, seen Tuesday, Jan. 13, 2009. EU Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso has complained directly to Ru...

Ukraine Russia Gas

The gas pumping station at Pisarevka, Russia, is seen Tuesday, Jan. 13, 2009. EU Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso has complained directly to...

Ukraine Russia Gas

A gas pipeline worker, checks equipment at the gas pumping station at Pisarevka, Russia, seen Tuesday, Jan. 13, 2009. EU Commission President Jose ...

Ukraine Russia Gas

Oleh Dubyna, the head of Ukrainian state energy firm Naftogaz, points to a map as he speaks during a news conference in Kiev, Ukraine, Tuesday, Jan. ...

Belgium EU Russia Ukraine Gas

In this Tuesday Oct. 14, 2008 file photo European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso gestures while speaking during a media conference at EU ...

Ukraine Russia Gas

A gas pipeline worker, checks the valves at the gas pumping station at Pisarevka, Russia, seen Tuesday, Jan. 13, 2009. EU Commission President Jos...

Ukraine Russia Gas

Ukraine's President Viktor Yushchenko speaks during his news conference in Kiev, Ukraine, Tuesday, Jan. 13, 2009. Russia and Ukraine hotly blamed e...

Russia Ukraine Gas

Russian gas monopoly Gazprom's employee seen in Gazprom's main control room in Moscow, Russia, Tuesday, Jan. 13, 2009. Russia and Ukraine hotly bla...

Russia Ukraine Gas

Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin speaks during a visit to gas monopoly Gazprom's main control room in Moscow, Russia, Tuesday, Jan. 13, 2009. R...

Russia Ukraine Gas

General view of Russian natural gas monopoly Gazprom headquarters in Moscow, Russia, Tuesday, Jan. 13, 2009. Russia and Ukraine hotly blamed each oth...

APTOPIX Ukraine Russia Gas

Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko gestures speaking at his news conference in Kiev, Ukraine, Tuesday, Jan. 13, 2009. Russia and Ukraine hotly bla...

The leaders of two gas-starved European nations traveled to Ukraine and Russia on Wednesday, pressing them to restore supplies as the EU threatened both nations with legal action for halting energy deliveries in the middle of a bitter winter.
But Ukraine's natural gas company said for a second straight day it would not send Russian gas along to Europe, citing what it claimed were onerous conditions set by Russia's gas monopoly Gazprom.
With no end to the politically charged dispute in sight _ despite an agreement that sent teams of EU monitors out to pumping stations to keep tabs on the gas flows _ the EU was fed up.
European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso warned Gazprom and Naftogaz, Ukraine's state-run gas company, that he will recommend the European energy companies sue them unless they move quickly to restore gas supplies. He insisted that European consumers should not be held hostage to a dispute between energy suppliers.
"If the agreement is not honored, it means that Russia and Ukraine can no longer be considered reliable partners for the European Union in matters of energy supply," Barroso told the European Parliament.
Gazprom stopped sending gas into Ukraine's pipeline system on Jan. 7, alleging that Ukraine was siphoning off supplies destined for Europe. Ukraine has denied the charges, claiming that Russia has not sent enough so-called "technical gas" to pump the rest of the gas west to Europe.
Gazprom cut off all gas supplies to Ukraine itself on Jan. 1, amid a dispute over what price Ukraine should pay for gas in 2009.
The dispute has affected millions of people, mostly in eastern Europe and sent at least 15 European nations scrambling for heat. Thousands of businesses have had to shut down or cut production, forcing workers into involuntary layoffs.
Russia opened a tap to Ukraine on Tuesday after the hard-won EU deal to monitor gas flows, raising hopes across Europe.
But Ukraine's gas company Naftogaz did not deliver the gas to Europe, saying Gazprom demanded that it use a technically arduous route which would force Ukraine to halt supplies to a large swath of its own territory. Ukraine uses Russian gas, but also produces natural gas on its own and has large stockpiles of the fuel.
Naftogaz head Oleh Dubina said Gazprom made the same request again Wednesday _ and he would not agree to halt supplies to Ukrainian consumers.
"Unfortunately, we answered the same way: we cannot leave our regions without gas," Dubina told reporters.
Gazprom has rejected the claim, saying the route was fine.
Slovakia and Bulgaria are among the hardest hit in the energy cutoff and their prime ministers traveled to Kiev and Moscow on Wednesday to press their case.
Bulgaria, which depended on Russia for virtually all its gas, has barely two days of reserves. Slovakia has vowed it was ready to restart an aging Soviet nuclear power plant despite EU objections if gas supplies are not restored quickly.
In Kiev, Slovakia's Prime Minister Robert Fico urged Ukrainian Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko to hold talks with her Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin to resolve the dispute as soon as possible.
"We ask for talks between the prime ministers of Russia and Ukraine. This is an issue that is very important for us," Fico said.
Fico and Bulgarian Prime Minister Sergei Stanishev were to meet with Putin at his residence outside Moscow later Wednesday.
Russia and Ukraine are deeply at odds over what Ukraine will pay for Russian gas in 2009. Ukraine last year paid $179.50 per 1,000 cubic meters of gas and its president said Tuesday that Ukraine will pay no more than $210 in 2009.
Russia wants Ukraine to pay market price for gas, about the $450 that European customers pay.
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Associated Press Writers Maria Danilova in Kiev, Ukraime, Constant Brand in Strasbourg, France, and Steve Gutterman in Moscow contributed to this report.


Updated : 2021-08-01 15:33 GMT+08:00