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Today in history

Today in history

Today is Friday Aug. 22, or the 22nd day of the seventh month of the Year of the Rat, according to the lunar calendar. Following is a list of important events that have occurred on this date in the past:

1834: Samuel Pierpoint Langley, American astronomer and aviation pioneer, is born. He built the first successful heavier-than-air flying machines in 1896.
1849: Amaral, the Portuguese governor of Macao, is assassinated for practicing anti-Chinese politics.
1910: Korea is formally annexed by Japan after five years as a Japanese protectorate.
1911: Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa, one of the world's most famous paintings, is stolen from the Louvre in Paris. It was returned two years later.
1919: Some 5,000 Jews are massacred in the Ukraine.
1932: Japanese troops attack Jehol in northern China.
1937: The Chinese Communist Party issues a statement calling on the people to obey the National government and join the War of Resistance Against Japan, and changes its "Red Army" into the Eighth Army.
1941: German troops reach the outskirts of Leningrad.
1942: Madame Chiang Kai-shek leaves for the United States for a visit at the invitation of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. FDR announced on March 30 the establishment of the Pacific War Council in Washington, comprised of China, the United States, the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Australia, Canada and the Netherlands.
1968: Warsaw Pact tanks enter Prague, the Czech capital, to crush the first flowering of Alexander Dubcek's reforms.
1973: Henry Kissinger is named U.S. secretary of state, succeeding William Rogers.
1981: A Boeing 737 passenger plane owned by the Far East Air Transport Corp. crashes near Miaoli in central Taiwan, killing all 110 people aboard.
1983: China Airlines suspends its CI811 flight to Manila on orders of the Philippine civil aviation authorities. Manila had warned international airlines not to allow opposition leader Benigno Aquino to board their aircraft for a return to the Philippines on the grounds that he did not have legal travel papers.
Aquino was gunned down on Aug. 21 while soldiers were escorting him from his China Airlines flight from Taipei upon his return to Manila after three years of self-exile in the United States.
1985: The Executive Yuan approves the appointment by President Chiang Ching-kuo of Ronald H. C. Ho (Ho Hsien-chung) as the new finance political vice minister.
1985: A British Airtour Boeing 747 bound for Corfu catches fire at Manchester Airport shortly after engine failure had forced the pilot to abandon the takeoff. The fire killed 54 people aboard.
1986: Francisco Zepeda Andino, the new Honduran ambassador to the Republic of China, presents his credentials to President Chiang Ching-kuo.
1986: Wang Han successfully swims across the Strait of Gibraltar, becoming the first Chinese person to do so.
1986: Typhoon Wayne blasts across central and southern Taiwan and the Pescadores (Penghu), killing or injuring 256 people and causing property losses estimated at NT$11.5 billion. The typhoon damage is the heaviest in the past twenty years. The Executive Yuan allocates NT$1 billion to help victims.
1995: The KMT convenes its 14th National Congress and Lee Teng-hui, party chairman, announces he will seek the party's presidential nomination. Lin Yang-kang, a KMT vice chairman, declares his intention not to seek the party's nomination and to instead run as an independent.
1996: The 61-nation Conference on Disarmament in Geneva ends in failure after India blocked an agreement on a Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
1999: A China Airlines passenger plane with 315 on board crash-lands at Chek Lap Kok airport in Hong Kong during a typhoon, killing two and injuring 211.
2000: Opposition People First Party Chairman James Soong says that it is still too early to talk about overhauling the Guidelines for National Unification as the government has yet to demonstrate consistency regarding its cross-strait policies.
2000: Burkina Faso President Blaise Compaore decorades visiting ROC President Chen Shui-bian with the Order of Grande Croix in recognition of his contribution to promoting bilateral ties.
2001: Republic of China Minister of the Interior Chang Po-ya, along with a 20-strong delegation, attends the 2001 Women's Leaders Meeting under the framework of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum in Beijing.

Confucius' lesson of the day: "If another man succeeds through one effort, use a hundred efforts. If another man succeeds though ten efforts, use a thousand efforts. Let a man really proceed in this manner, and, though dull, he will surely become intelligent; though weak, he will surely become strong."

Updated : 2021-04-21 20:09 GMT+08:00