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Study says risk factors of alcoholism differs for women and men

研究顯示 酗酒因素男女有別

Study says risk factors of alcoholism differs for women and men

Although genetic and environmental factors are key in the risk of developing alcoholism, the roots of problem drinking seem to be different for women and men, according to the findings from four studies of families affected by alcoholism.

根據針對四個被酗酒問題所影響的家庭所做的調查顯示,雖然基因與環境因素是造成酗酒風險的關鍵,酗酒問題的根本原因似乎男女有別。

For both sexes, problems with aggressive behavior in childhood ?including conduct disorder and oppositional defiant disorder ?signaled a heightened risk of alcoholism.

對兩性而言,孩童時代的侵略行為 — 包括行為失當與反抗行為障礙 — 這些皆會提高酗酒的風險。

However, for women, childhood stress in general appeared to contribute to alcoholism risk, and women with a nervous, anxious personality were more likely to have an alcohol problem than those with a more balanced temperament.

然而一般來說,對女性而言,孩童時代的壓力會增高酗酒風險,而有神經質與焦慮性格的女性,比起個性平和的女性,較容易有酗酒問題。

More specifically, one study found that severe physical punishment in childhood appeared to raise the risk of alcoholism among females, but not males. Instances of severe punishment, the researchers speculate, may signal ongoing physical or sexual abuse.

更精確來說,一項研究發現孩童時代嚴厲的懲罰會提高女性酗酒的風險,但男性不會。研究人員猜測,嚴厲懲罰有可能代表長期的體罰或性侵害。

“Clearly, there are some common antecedents (to alcoholism), such as conduct disorder or symptoms, but there are also predictors unique to each gender,”Dr. Aruna Gogineni of Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore said in a statement.

巴爾的摩約翰.霍普金斯大學醫學院的阿魯努.哥及內尼博士在一聲明中表示︰「顯然地,酗酒有一些共同的先兆,例如行為失當症狀,但男女徵兆各不同。」

While there has been much research on the transmission of alcoholism from generation to generation in families, relatively little has focused on daughters of alcoholics. One likely reason, according to Gogineni, is that men in general have a higher rate of alcoholism than women.

已有許多針對家庭中代代相傳的酗酒問題所進行的研究,但甚少研究針對女兒。根據哥及內亞表示,可能的原因是,男性酗酒機率大致上高於女性。

But understanding any gender differences in how alcoholism emerges is vital to preventing and treating the disorder, she and her colleagues point out.

她與她的同事指出,了解性別差異如何產生酗酒問題,在預防與治療此不當行為上,是很重要的。

The researchers found evidence confirming that children of alcoholics are at increased risk of the disorder. One study found that genes may be a more important risk factor for men than for women, while environment may be somewhat more influential for women.

研究人員發現證據足以證明酗酒的孩童會提高其行為失當的風險。一項研究顯示,比起女性,基因對男性可能是更重要的危險因子,而環境因素有可能影響女性較甚。

In that study, alcoholism in a biological parent, as opposed to an adoptive parent, had a stronger effect on a son's risk of alcoholism. This finding, the researchers note, needs to be“interpreted cautiously,”since the evidence was

only“suggestive.”

該研究中,親生父母親(養父母的相反)的酗酒問題對孩子的酗酒風險有較大影響,研究人員指出,這項研究需要被“謹慎解讀”,因為該證據只是“提示性的”。

Gogineni said she hopes the studies underscore that the causes of alcoholism are not identical for men and women.

哥及內亞表示,她希望這些研究能夠強調男女酗酒的因素並不是完全相同的。


Updated : 2021-10-20 00:07 GMT+08:00