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Serum exam found key in liver cancer detection

血液檢驗被發現為肝癌檢測的關鍵

Serum exam found key in liver cancer detection

Doctors at National Taiwan University announced yesterday that the level of hepatitis B virus DNA recorded in patients’serum could serve as an effective indicator for early detection of liver cancer.

台灣大學的醫師昨日聲稱,病人血液中的B型肝炎病毒DNA可當作早期肝癌檢測的指標。

Chen Chien-jen, a professor at the Graduate Institute of Epidemiology at NTU and the leader of the project, urged the Department of Health to include serum HBV DNA screening as part of liver disease prevention measures.

此研究的領導人台灣大學流行病學研究所的陳建仁教授,呼籲衛生署應該將血液中B型肝炎病毒(HBV)DNA的檢測納入肝病防治的手續。

In a longitudinal research conducted by Chen and his team, they traced 3,653 hepatitis B carriers from seven different townships and counties in Taiwan over a period of 11.4 years, from 1991 and 1992.

在一項由陳建仁與其小組所做的長期研究中,從1991與1992年起,他們追蹤三千六百五十三名來自台灣七個鄉鎮市區的B型肝炎帶原者超過十一點四年。

According to the research results, participants with persistent elevation of serum HBV DNA levels were at the highest risk for liver cancer.

根據研究結果,血液中B型肝炎病毒DNA量持續提高的人,罹患肝癌機率最高。

Furthermore, said Chen, people with elevated levels of serum HBV DNA are six times more likely to develop liver cancer.

陳建仁進一步表示,血液中B型肝炎病毒DNA量升高的人,肝癌罹患機率為六倍以上。

Chen also warned that hepatitis could be contracted by anyone, across all age groups, and recommended that people should have serum HBV DNA tests at least once every one to two years.

陳建仁提出警告,任何年齡層的人都可能罹患肝炎,他並建議每個人每一至兩年至少都應該做一次血液中B型肝炎病毒DNA的檢測。

Studies show that in the very early stages of liver cancer there are little or no symptoms because the malignancy is too small to cause any physical discomfort. Symptoms usually occur as the tumor enlarges, resulting in pain in the right upper abdominal area, weight loss and loss of appetite, breast swelling in males, blood clotting problems leading to intestinal bleeding and bruises on the skin, and jaundice.

研究指出肝癌早期並無明顯症狀,因為腫瘤太小不會造成任何不適,通常腫瘤變大時,會引起右上腹部疼痛、體重減輕、食慾減低、男性胸部隆起、血液凝結問題所引起的腸出血、皮膚淤傷以及黃疸等症狀。


Updated : 2021-06-13 23:02 GMT+08:00