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Visualization may help some smokers quit, research finds

研究發現 “意象引導療法”可能幫助抽菸者戒菸

Visualization may help some smokers quit, research finds

Some smokers may be able to quit by seeing themselves do it in their minds, research findings suggest.

一項研究發現,一些想要戒菸的人,如果能在腦海中看到自己戒菸的畫面,成功戒菸機率便會提高。

A study of 71 smokers found that those who went through guided-imagery therapy had more than twice the abstinence rate two years later as their peers who received only standard counseling.

一項針對七十一名抽菸者所作的研究指出,使用意象引導療法的人,兩年後不抽菸的機率是接受標準輔導療法的人的兩倍以上。

The guided imagery involved progressive muscle relaxation and breathing exercises to calm and focus the mind. Then study participants were led in visualizing themselves in a healthful state and performing specific activities, such as exercising, eating well ?and not smoking.

引導療法包含有漸進式肌肉放鬆與呼吸運動,目的為幫助頭腦冷靜並集中精神,接下來,參與者在被引導之下,看到自己處於健康的狀態,並從事一些活動如運動與健康飲食 — 而且不抽菸。

The tactic seemed to work for at least some. Two years later, 26 percent of the smokers had quit, compared with 12 percent of those in the comparison group.

這種方法似乎對某些人奏效,兩年後,兩成六的抽菸者成功戒菸,而對照組只有一成二的人成功戒煙。

Though most smokers in each group had failed to kick the habit, the abstinence rate in the guided imagery group was, in context,“very good,”study author Dr. Christine A. Wynd said.

主持此項研究的克莉絲汀.溫德博士表示,雖然實驗中兩組大部分的人都戒菸失敗,但意象引導組的戒菸比例“非常好”。

In general, success is tough to come by in the realm of smoking cessation, noted Wynd, who directs the nursing Ph.D. program at the University of Akron College of Nursing in Ohio.

俄亥俄州阿克朗大學護理學院的溫德博士表示,整體而言,要成功戒菸,實屬不易。

She reports her findings in the current issue of the Journal of Nursing Scholarship.

她將此項研究發表於「護理學識期刊」。

Guided imagery has been studied as a treatment for a range of health conditions, including pain from headaches, burns and rheumatoid arthritis. It has also been used to encourage people to take up healthy habits, like exercise.

意象引導已被作為治療健康狀況的方法,範圍廣泛,包括頭痛、燒燙傷與類風濕性關節炎等,同時也被用來鼓勵人們培養健康嗜好,例如運動。

According to Wynd, it's thought that imagery basically affects the processes of the brain in a manner similar to real, everyday events.

根據溫德表示,基本上,意象引導影響大腦運作的方式,與每天發生在人們身上的事件相似。

“Imaging positive energy and health may have encouraged certain smokers to quit and remain abstinent essentially, to change their risky behaviors for more healthful pursuits,”she explained.

她解釋:「想像有一股正向的能量與健康狀態,可能鼓勵某些抽菸者戒菸,且菸癮永不再犯 — 本質上,為保健康,可以改變他們的危險行為。」

Study participants were led through imagery exercises at counseling sessions and at home, using an audiotape. In addition, all smokers in the study received more-traditional help in their quit effort, in the form of counseling and education sessions. Two years later, the guided-imagery group reported an abstinence rate that was more than twice that of the comparison group.

參與戒菸輔導的人,透過意象引導治療,回家後,也使用錄音帶練習。此外,研究中所有的抽菸者在戒菸過程中,皆接受更為傳統的協助方式,包括輔導與上課。研究報告指出,兩年後,意象引導組的戒菸率是對照組的兩倍以上。

One“caution,”Wynd said, is that guided imagery will not work for every smoker. No one knows, she noted, what makes some smokers successful in their quit effort, while others fail.

溫德表示,只須注意一件事,意象引導並非對每位抽菸者皆有效,她指出,沒人知道為什麼有些人可以成功戒菸,但有些人會失敗。


Updated : 2021-02-26 21:30 GMT+08:00