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Teens' skills in coping linked to their family ties

青少年處理壓力的能力與家庭關係有關

Teens' skills in coping linked to their family ties

Teens who have a secure relationship with their parents show faster development of coping skills than their peers with insecure parental ties, a new study shows.

一項新的研究顯示,家庭關係穩定的青少年,與家人關係較不和諧的青少年相比,其應變能力發展較為迅速。

“This study presents the first evidence that secure individuals seek support and reflect upon possible solutions more frequently and become increasingly competent in dealing with a variety of stressors from early adolescence to young adulthood,”Dr. Inge Seiffge-Krenke of Mainz University in Germany and Wim Beyers of Ghent University in Belgium write.

德國曼恩玆大學的英格.塞佛.克林克教授與比利時根特大學的威姆.貝爾教授表示,這項研究首度證明家庭關係和諧的人,在青少年早期至剛成年的階段,會更頻繁地尋求協助與思考解決之道,並且逐漸提高應對壓力的能力。

Less securely attached teens, they found, were more likely to withdraw from their problems and less likely to seek support from others, increasing their risk of depression and other mental and physical health problems.

他們發現,缺乏安全感的青少年較容易逃避問題,而且尋求他人協助的意願較低,這會導致憂鬱與其他身心健康問題的風險增加。

The researchers looked at three basic coping styles: active coping, in which a person seeks support from others and takes action to solve the problem; internal coping, in which a person thinks about possible solutions; and withdrawal, in which a person basically avoids the problem. A balance between active and internal approaches is considered healthy, while heavy reliance on withdrawal is not.

研究人員考慮三種基本的應變能力:一為積極應對,也就是尋求他人幫助並採取行動解決問題;第二個是內在應變能力,也就是思考解決之道;第三則是退縮不前,即是逃避問題。

Seiffge-Krenke and Beyers evaluated the coping strategies and development of 112 girls and boys, from age 14 to 21. At 21, study participants completed the Adult Attachment Interview, a test designed to evaluate how a person feels about his or her past and present attachment experiences, including childhood relationships with parents.

塞佛.克林克與貝爾教授針對一百一十二名十四歲到二十一歲男女的應變技巧與發展進行評估。二十一歲的受試者完成“成人依附狀態”的問卷調查,此項調查旨在評估個人對其過去與目前的情感依附狀態經驗,包括孩童時期與父母親的關係。

Based on this test, participants were classified as secure, meaning they had a strong, positive, valued parental relationship; dismissing, or denying the influence of parents; or preoccupied, meaning they were vague, confused, angry or preoccupied with the parental relationship.

根據調查,受試者被分為三類,第一類為穩固型,表示他們與父母親的關係牢靠、正面且珍貴;其次為漠然型,抗拒父母親的影響;第三為過分投入型,表示對與父母親的關係感到不明確、困惑、不滿或是過分投入。

Secure teens showed the fastest growth in their use of active and internal coping strategies over the course of the study. While dismissing individuals showed similar development in their internal coping skills, their active coping approaches did not progress.

研究顯示穩固型的青少在主動解決問題與內在應變能力上發展最迅速;漠然型的青少年內在應變能力發展最快,但在積極度上沒有進步。

Preoccupied individuals relied heavily on active coping strategies, but showed little development in this coping style over time.

過分投入型的青少年對積極的應變能力有高度需求,但卻缺乏這方面的發展。

“Although our findings do not permit cause-effect conclusions to be drawn at this time, they support the idea that an adolescent's attachment state of mind exerts a determinative influence on how he or she copes with stress in various domains,”the researchers conclude.

研究人員提出結論:「雖然此研究沒有提出因果關係的結論,但證明了青少年的情感依附狀態對各方面壓力的應變能力有決定性的影響。」


Updated : 2021-01-19 03:52 GMT+08:00