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The Balance of Power in the Asia-Pacific: Avoiding Conflict with China

The Balance of Power in the Asia-Pacific: Avoiding Conflict with China

(Excerpted from "Taiwan's National Security and New Security Arrangements in the Asia-Pacific Region" by Liu Han-jung, T.A., General Education Center, National Defense University)
Great transformations have occurred in the international system since the end of the Cold War, including the collapse of the Soviet Union and dissolution of the Warsaw Pact. The United States has dramatically adjusted its diplomatic and military strategy in order to build a new world order, and it has made the Asia-Pacific region a focus of attention and strengthened its strategic deployment in the area. Because the countries of the Asia-Pacific region are divided by ideological, cultural, political, and economic differences, as well as by persistent historical enmities, it has proved difficult for the area to achieve the goal of collective security on its own without any multilateral security system as a foundation. Because of this, the region must base its stability on a "balance of power" until that time that collective security can be achieved and multilateral security mechanisms take shape.
Maintaining the balance of power and the Asia-Pacific region entails major impacts on the national security of individual countries in the region. Since Taiwan is an integral part of the Asia-Pacific region, it must maintain a good understanding of the regional balance of power, and use this knowledge to guide the drafting of its national security policies.The US will adjust its global strategic deployment in order to maintain stability in East Asia and prevent conflict from erupting in the vicinity of the Taiwan Straits.
Nevertheless, in the face of a politically, economically, and militarily resurgent China, despite Taiwan's indisputably strategic location, in the end how many countries will ultimately be willing to support Taiwan if conflict, or even war, breaks out across the Taiwan Straits? And even if a country is willing to assist Taiwan, how will it choose to intervene, and at what level?
Taiwan should strive to maintain stable cross-strait relations in order to fend off threats. Apart from promoting trade, developing new technologies, and universally adopting information and communications systems to strengthen ties with international society, Taiwan must also join the international war on terror and comply with new security arrangements in the Asia-Pacific region.
A nation cannot depend on other countries' goodwill and assistance when it comes to national security. Now that China is deploying increasing numbers of modern warplanes and warships, it possesses the ability to freely attack the first chain of islands protecting Taiwan.We must fulfill our responsibility to protect the country and maintain the people's welfare in the midst of today's volatile circumstances in East Asia and throughout the Asia-Pacific region.


Updated : 2020-12-01 04:09 GMT+08:00