Australia captain Ricky Ponting won the toss and elected to bat first under clear skies at the Melbourne Cricket Ground on Wednesday in the first test against India.
Australia included spin bowler Brad Hogg at the expense of paceman Shaun Tait on a flat wicket which is expected to offer additional turn as the match progresses.
India, which has never won a test series in Australia, opted for two fast bowlers and two spinners, with offspinner Harbhajan Singh to bowl in tandem with team captain Anil Kumble's legspin.
Left-armers Zaheer Khan and R. P. Singh are India's senior quicks, while tall 19-year-old Ishant Sharma is the right-arm pace option.
Former captain Sourav Ganguly is expected to become the sixth Indian player to reach the 100-test milestone in Melbourne, following Dilip Vengsarkar, Kapil Dev, Sachin Tendulkar, Anil Kumble and Rahul Dravid.
Cricket Australia announced that undercover surveillance officers and video cameras will be placed in several parts of the ground to keep an eye on the fans and eject those who make racists comments or display banners and placards with racist slogans.
Fans at the MCG _ expected to number 75,000 on the first day _ could be banned for life if found guilty of racially taunting players and fellow fans during the match.
Australia: Ricky Ponting (captain), Adam Gilchrist, Phil Jaques, Matthew Hayden, Michael Hussey, Andrew Symonds, Mitchell Johnson, Stuart Clark, Brett Lee, Brad Hogg, Michael Clarke.
India (from): Anil Kumble (captain), Mahendra Singh Dhoni, Rahul Dravid, Sourav Ganguly, Wasim Jaffer, Zaheer Khan, V.V.S. Laxman, Harbhajan Singh, R. P. Singh, Yuvraj Singh, Sachin Tendulkar.
Umpires: Mark Benson, England, and Billy Bowden, New Zealand.
TV Umpire: Steve Davis, Australia. Match referee: Mike Procter, South Africa.