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Experts believe brain waves can be used as keys

專家相信 人類腦波可當通行證使用

Experts believe brain waves can be used as keys

Canadian researchers hope to soon be able to use brain waves to unlock doors and get access to bank accounts.

加拿大的研究人員希望能夠盡快使用人類腦波來開門與使用銀行帳戶。

Some companies are already offering iris recognition systems that many countries want to put into biometric passports.

許多公司已經提供虹膜辨識系統,許多國家也希望能夠使用生物特徵通行證。

But Julie Thorpe, a researcher at Carleton University in Ottawa wants to take the idea much much further.

沃太華卡爾頓大學的研究人員茱麗.索普表示希望能將此概念更進一步發展。

She says it is possible to do away with key cards, pin numbers and a litany of other security tools that allow people to retrieve bank money, access computer data or enter restricted buildings.

她表示,人類有可能不再需要電子卡、密碼等種種安全工具才能領錢、取得電腦資料或是進入受管制的大樓。

“A user would simply think their password,” said Thorpe, who hopes to develop the first biometric security device to read your mind to authenticate users.

索普說:「使用者只要想著他們的密碼即可。」索普希望能發展第一套能夠讀出使用者腦波的生物特徵安全系統。

Her idea, yet to be proven viable for commercial application, assumes that brainwave signals, like fingerprints, vary slightly from person to person, even when they think alike.

她認為腦波訊號就像指紋,每個人都不一樣,即使想法相似。而她的想法尚未被證實做為商業用途的可行性。

“Everyone's brainwave signal is a bit different even when they think about the same thing. They're unique just like fingerprints,”she told AFP.

她告訴法新社:「每個人的腦波訊號相異,就像指紋一樣,是獨一無二的,即使想著同一件事的時候。」

While people may be tricked into giving up their passwords, smartcards may be lost or stolen, as can biometric templates stored on computers for comparing eye or fingerprint scans, so-called “passthoughts”are unique.

當人們被騙取密碼,金融卡遺失或被偷竊,儲存於電腦中的眼睛比對或指紋掃描等生物辨識系統也有可能被竊取,然而,所謂的“腦波密碼”是獨一無二的。

The doctoral student is working with leading Canadian security technology researcher Paul Van Oorschot in Ottawa to turn her idea into reality.

這名博士生(索普)正與加拿大安全科技研究員權威保羅.范.歐書特合作,將她的理想化為真實。

Whereas slight differences in brainwave patterns created difficulties for researchers trying to build universal tools that could translate thoughts into computer commands, these peculiarities make brainwaves ideal for security applications, Thorpe said.

索普說:「由於腦波模式有些許的不同,研究人員如果要建立一套將大腦思考轉換成電腦指令的統一工具,會有困難,這種獨特性,使腦波得以應用在安全措施方面。」

“You could use a sound or music or childhood memory as your pass. You could even flash someone an image to help them remember their passthought,” she said.

索普表示:「你可以將某種聲音、音樂或兒時回憶做為密碼,你甚至可以向某人傳遞影像,幫助他們記起他們的腦波密碼。」

Thorpe must still prove that people can reproduce clear, concise signals over and over.

索普現在所需要證明的是人類能夠一再重複產生清晰且精確的腦波訊號。


Updated : 2021-04-20 08:47 GMT+08:00