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Ukrainians plead for Mariupol rescue; Russian advance crawls

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People fleeing the village of Ruska Lozova wait at a screening point in Kharkiv, Ukraine, Friday, April 29, 2022. Hundreds of residents have been evac...
Employees at a liquor store clean the glass broken during an explosion in Kyiv, Ukraine on Friday, April 29, 2022. Russia struck the Ukrainian capital...
A dog rides in the back of a car as people fleeing the village of Ruska Lozova arrive at a screening point in Kharkiv, Ukraine, Friday, April 29, 2022...
People fleeing the village of Ruska Lozova arrive at a screening point in Kharkiv, Ukraine, Friday, April 29, 2022. Hundreds of residents have been ev...
Kateryna Hodza, 85, takes a bus from a reception center for displaced people in Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine, Friday, April 29, 2022. They fled from Mala Tok...
A police officer inspects a destroyed area following a Russian missiles attack on Thursday in Fastov, south of Kyiv, Ukraine, Friday, April 29, 2022. ...
People fleeing the village of Ruska Lozova arrive at a screening point in Kharkiv, Ukraine, Friday, April 29, 2022. Hundreds of residents have been ev...
Olga Zhovtobrukh, 55, cries during an Easter religious service at a church in Bucha on the outskirts of Kyiv, Ukraine, Sunday, April 24, 2022. (AP Pho...
A small wooden cross hangs inside a car parked in a reception center for displaced people in Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine, Friday, April 29, 2022. Thousands ...
Firefighters put out a fire after a Russian rocket attack in Kyiv, Ukraine, Thursday, April 28, 2022. Russia mounted attacks across a wide area of Ukr...
Security Service of Ukraine (SBU) servicemen enter a building during an operation to arrest suspected Russian collaborators in Kharkiv, Ukraine, Thurs...
People fleeing the village of Ruska Lozova wait at a screening point in Kharkiv, Ukraine, Friday, April 29, 2022. Hundreds of residents have been evac...
Rescue servicemen extinguish a bush fire after shelling in Mykolaivka, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, Friday, April 29, 2022. (AP Photo/Evgeniy Malo...
A rescue serviceman, right, inspects a crater after shelling in Mykolaivka, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, Friday, April 29, 2022. (AP Photo/Evgeniy...
A rescue serviceman and paramedics push a gurney with an injured woman to an ambulance after shelling in Mykolaivka, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, ...
A police officer inspects a destroyed area following a Russian missiles attack on Thursday in Fastov, south of Kyiv, Ukraine, Friday, April 29, 2022. ...
This recent but undated photo provided Friday, April 29, 2022 by the wife of a member of the Azov Regiment shows a woman comforting a wounded man insi...
This recent but undated photo provided Friday, April 29, 2022 by the wife of a member of the Azov Regiment shows a wounded man being treated inside th...
This recent but undated photo provided Friday, April 29, 2022 by the wife of a member of the Azov Regiment shows an unidentified wounded man lying on ...
This recent but undated photo provided Friday, April 29, 2022 by the wife of a member of the Azov Regiment shows an unidentified wounded man lying on ...
Destroyed houses are photographed in Irpin, on the outskirts of Kyiv, Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)
Destroyed houses are photographed in Irpin, on the outskirts of Kyiv, Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)
People walk past wrecks of military vehicles in Bucha, on the outskirts of Kyiv, Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)
An elderly woman looks out of a bus during an evacuation of civilians in Kramatorsk, Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Andriy Andriyenko)
A car is photographed damaged by the shrapnel of an explosion in Irpin, in the outskirt of Kyiv, Ukraine on Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Emilio...
Destroyed houses are photographed in Irpin, on the outskirts of Kyiv, Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)
Airmen push over 8,000 pounds of 155 mm shells on to a C-17 cargo aircraft for transport, ultimately bound for Ukraine, Friday, April 29, 2022, at Dov...
A boy looks out of a bus during an evacuation of civilians in Kramatorsk, Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Andriy Andriyenko)
Destroyed houses are photographed in Irpin, on the outskirts of Kyiv, Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)
The bodies of three civilians lie in an apartment as Russian bombardments continue in a village recently retaken by Ukrainian forces near Kharkiv, Ukr...
A Ukrainian serviceman walks in a basement used as a bomb shelter during Russian attacks in a village recently retaken by Ukrainian forces near Kharki...
A Ukrainian serviceman talks to a resident inside a basement used as a bomb shelter during Russian attacks in a village recently retaken by Ukrainian ...
A man stands at the entrance of a basement used as a bomb shelter during Russian bombardments in a village recently retaken by Ukrainian forces near K...
Ukraine women wait for the start of a religious service to commemorate the fallen during the Russian occupation in Zdvyzhivka, on the outskirts of Kyi...
Oleksiy Onoschenko, 42, rescues books from his house destroyed during the Russian occupation in Irpin, in the outskirt of Kyiv, Ukraine on Saturday, A...
Local residents stand on the balconies of their apartments damaged by Russian shelling in Dobropillya, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, Saturday, Apri...
An elderly woman drinks tea at the basement of her house in Lyman, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Evgeniy Malole...
People sit in a bus during evacuation from Lyman, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Evgeniy Maloletka)
A woman begs for alms to feed her dogs in Kyiv, on Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)
A Police officer, right, distributes humanitarian aid to local residents in Lyman, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Phot...
An elderly woman sits on a bus with her dog during evacuation from Lyman, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Evgeniy...
People sit in a bus during evacuation from Lyman, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Evgeniy Maloletka)
People sit in a bus during evacuation from Lyman, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Evgeniy Maloletka)
A woman receives humanitarian aid from a volunteer in Lyman, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Evgeniy Maloletka)
Wives, relatives and activists take part in a rally demanding international leaders to organize a humanitarian corridor for evacuation of Ukrainian mi...
A man pays tribute to foreign citizens killed during Russia-Ukraine war near a memorial sign reading "Foreigners killed by Putin" in a central square ...
A view of a destroyed railway bridge over Siverskiy Donets river near Raigorodka, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo...
A couple embrace in central Kyiv, on Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)
An elderly woman drinks tea at the basement of her house in Lyman, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Evgeniy Malole...
People gather and talk outside a terrace bar in central Kyiv, on Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)
Local residents close the windows of an apartment building with plywood after Russian shelling in Dobropillya, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, Saturd...
Ukrainian servicemen stand in a basement used as a bomb shelter during Russian attacks in a village recently retaken by Ukrainian forces near Kharkiv,...
A car is photographed damaged by the shrapnel of an explosion in Irpin, in the outskirt of Kyiv, Ukraine on Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Emilio...
A girl looks out of a bus during an evacuation of civilians in Kramatorsk, Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Andriy Andriyenko)
Local residents close the windows of an apartment building with plywood after Russian shelling in Dobropillya, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, Saturd...
A girl looks as a woman crying during a religious service to commemorate the fallen during the Russian occupation in Zdvyzhivka, on the outskirts of K...
A woman cries as relatives and activists take part in a rally demanding international leaders to organize a humanitarian corridor for evacuation of Uk...
A couple kiss in central Kyiv, on Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)
A man holds a cat as people board transport during an evacuation of civilians in Kramatorsk, Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Andriy Andri...
The body of a civilian lies in an apartment as Russian bombardments continue in a village recently retaken by Ukrainian forces near Kharkiv, Ukraine, ...
An elderly couple drinks tea in the basement of their house in Lyman, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Evgeniy Mal...

People fleeing the village of Ruska Lozova wait at a screening point in Kharkiv, Ukraine, Friday, April 29, 2022. Hundreds of residents have been evac...

Employees at a liquor store clean the glass broken during an explosion in Kyiv, Ukraine on Friday, April 29, 2022. Russia struck the Ukrainian capital...

A dog rides in the back of a car as people fleeing the village of Ruska Lozova arrive at a screening point in Kharkiv, Ukraine, Friday, April 29, 2022...

People fleeing the village of Ruska Lozova arrive at a screening point in Kharkiv, Ukraine, Friday, April 29, 2022. Hundreds of residents have been ev...

Kateryna Hodza, 85, takes a bus from a reception center for displaced people in Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine, Friday, April 29, 2022. They fled from Mala Tok...

A police officer inspects a destroyed area following a Russian missiles attack on Thursday in Fastov, south of Kyiv, Ukraine, Friday, April 29, 2022. ...

People fleeing the village of Ruska Lozova arrive at a screening point in Kharkiv, Ukraine, Friday, April 29, 2022. Hundreds of residents have been ev...

Olga Zhovtobrukh, 55, cries during an Easter religious service at a church in Bucha on the outskirts of Kyiv, Ukraine, Sunday, April 24, 2022. (AP Pho...

A small wooden cross hangs inside a car parked in a reception center for displaced people in Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine, Friday, April 29, 2022. Thousands ...

Firefighters put out a fire after a Russian rocket attack in Kyiv, Ukraine, Thursday, April 28, 2022. Russia mounted attacks across a wide area of Ukr...

Security Service of Ukraine (SBU) servicemen enter a building during an operation to arrest suspected Russian collaborators in Kharkiv, Ukraine, Thurs...

People fleeing the village of Ruska Lozova wait at a screening point in Kharkiv, Ukraine, Friday, April 29, 2022. Hundreds of residents have been evac...

Rescue servicemen extinguish a bush fire after shelling in Mykolaivka, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, Friday, April 29, 2022. (AP Photo/Evgeniy Malo...

A rescue serviceman, right, inspects a crater after shelling in Mykolaivka, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, Friday, April 29, 2022. (AP Photo/Evgeniy...

A rescue serviceman and paramedics push a gurney with an injured woman to an ambulance after shelling in Mykolaivka, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, ...

A police officer inspects a destroyed area following a Russian missiles attack on Thursday in Fastov, south of Kyiv, Ukraine, Friday, April 29, 2022. ...

This recent but undated photo provided Friday, April 29, 2022 by the wife of a member of the Azov Regiment shows a woman comforting a wounded man insi...

This recent but undated photo provided Friday, April 29, 2022 by the wife of a member of the Azov Regiment shows a wounded man being treated inside th...

This recent but undated photo provided Friday, April 29, 2022 by the wife of a member of the Azov Regiment shows an unidentified wounded man lying on ...

This recent but undated photo provided Friday, April 29, 2022 by the wife of a member of the Azov Regiment shows an unidentified wounded man lying on ...

Destroyed houses are photographed in Irpin, on the outskirts of Kyiv, Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)

Destroyed houses are photographed in Irpin, on the outskirts of Kyiv, Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)

People walk past wrecks of military vehicles in Bucha, on the outskirts of Kyiv, Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)

An elderly woman looks out of a bus during an evacuation of civilians in Kramatorsk, Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Andriy Andriyenko)

A car is photographed damaged by the shrapnel of an explosion in Irpin, in the outskirt of Kyiv, Ukraine on Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Emilio...

Destroyed houses are photographed in Irpin, on the outskirts of Kyiv, Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)

Airmen push over 8,000 pounds of 155 mm shells on to a C-17 cargo aircraft for transport, ultimately bound for Ukraine, Friday, April 29, 2022, at Dov...

A boy looks out of a bus during an evacuation of civilians in Kramatorsk, Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Andriy Andriyenko)

Destroyed houses are photographed in Irpin, on the outskirts of Kyiv, Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)

The bodies of three civilians lie in an apartment as Russian bombardments continue in a village recently retaken by Ukrainian forces near Kharkiv, Ukr...

A Ukrainian serviceman walks in a basement used as a bomb shelter during Russian attacks in a village recently retaken by Ukrainian forces near Kharki...

A Ukrainian serviceman talks to a resident inside a basement used as a bomb shelter during Russian attacks in a village recently retaken by Ukrainian ...

A man stands at the entrance of a basement used as a bomb shelter during Russian bombardments in a village recently retaken by Ukrainian forces near K...

Ukraine women wait for the start of a religious service to commemorate the fallen during the Russian occupation in Zdvyzhivka, on the outskirts of Kyi...

Oleksiy Onoschenko, 42, rescues books from his house destroyed during the Russian occupation in Irpin, in the outskirt of Kyiv, Ukraine on Saturday, A...

Local residents stand on the balconies of their apartments damaged by Russian shelling in Dobropillya, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, Saturday, Apri...

An elderly woman drinks tea at the basement of her house in Lyman, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Evgeniy Malole...

People sit in a bus during evacuation from Lyman, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Evgeniy Maloletka)

A woman begs for alms to feed her dogs in Kyiv, on Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)

A Police officer, right, distributes humanitarian aid to local residents in Lyman, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Phot...

An elderly woman sits on a bus with her dog during evacuation from Lyman, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Evgeniy...

People sit in a bus during evacuation from Lyman, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Evgeniy Maloletka)

People sit in a bus during evacuation from Lyman, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Evgeniy Maloletka)

A woman receives humanitarian aid from a volunteer in Lyman, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Evgeniy Maloletka)

Wives, relatives and activists take part in a rally demanding international leaders to organize a humanitarian corridor for evacuation of Ukrainian mi...

A man pays tribute to foreign citizens killed during Russia-Ukraine war near a memorial sign reading "Foreigners killed by Putin" in a central square ...

A view of a destroyed railway bridge over Siverskiy Donets river near Raigorodka, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo...

A couple embrace in central Kyiv, on Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)

An elderly woman drinks tea at the basement of her house in Lyman, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Evgeniy Malole...

People gather and talk outside a terrace bar in central Kyiv, on Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)

Local residents close the windows of an apartment building with plywood after Russian shelling in Dobropillya, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, Saturd...

Ukrainian servicemen stand in a basement used as a bomb shelter during Russian attacks in a village recently retaken by Ukrainian forces near Kharkiv,...

A car is photographed damaged by the shrapnel of an explosion in Irpin, in the outskirt of Kyiv, Ukraine on Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Emilio...

A girl looks out of a bus during an evacuation of civilians in Kramatorsk, Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Andriy Andriyenko)

Local residents close the windows of an apartment building with plywood after Russian shelling in Dobropillya, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, Saturd...

A girl looks as a woman crying during a religious service to commemorate the fallen during the Russian occupation in Zdvyzhivka, on the outskirts of K...

A woman cries as relatives and activists take part in a rally demanding international leaders to organize a humanitarian corridor for evacuation of Uk...

A couple kiss in central Kyiv, on Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)

A man holds a cat as people board transport during an evacuation of civilians in Kramatorsk, Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Andriy Andri...

The body of a civilian lies in an apartment as Russian bombardments continue in a village recently retaken by Ukrainian forces near Kharkiv, Ukraine, ...

An elderly couple drinks tea in the basement of their house in Lyman, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, Saturday, April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Evgeniy Mal...

KHARKIV, Ukraine (AP) — Ukrainian forces fought village by village Saturday to hold back a Russian advance through the country’s east, while the United Nations worked to broker a civilian evacuation from the last defensive stronghold in the bombed-out ruins of the port city of Mariupol.

An estimated 100,000 civilians remain in the city, and up to 1,000 are living beneath a sprawling Soviet-era steel plant, according to Ukrainian officials. Ukraine has not said how many fighters are also in the plant, the only part of Mariupol not occupied by Russian forces, but Russia put the number at about 2,000.

Russian state media outlets reported Saturday that 25 civilians had been evacuated from the Azovstal steelworks, though there was no confirmation from the U.N. Russia's RIA Novosti news agency said 19 adults and six children were brought out, but gave no further details.

A top official with the Azov Regiment, the Ukrainian unit defending the plant, said 20 civilians were evacuated during a cease-fire, though it was not clear if he was referring to the same group as the Russian news reports.

“These are women and children,” Sviatoslav Palamar said in a video posted on the regiment's Telegram channel. He also called for the evacuation of the wounded: “We don’t know why they are not taken away and their evacuation to the territory controlled by Ukraine is not being discussed.”

Video and images from inside the plant, shared with The Associated Press by two Ukrainian women who said their husbands are among the fighters refusing to surrender there, showed unidentified men with stained bandages; others had open wounds or amputated limbs.

A skeleton medical staff was treating at least 600 wounded people, said the women, who identified their husbands as members of the Azov Regiment of Ukraine’s National Guard. Some of the wounds were rotting with gangrene, they said.

In the video the men said that they eat just once daily and share as little as 1.5 liters (50 ounces) of water a day among four people, and that supplies inside the besieged facility are depleted.

One shirtless man appeared to be in pain as he described his wounds: two broken ribs, a punctured lung and a dislocated arm that “was hanging on the flesh.”

“I want to tell everyone who sees this: If you will not stop this here, in Ukraine, it will go further, to Europe,” he said.

AP could not independently verify the date and location of the video, which the women said was taken in the last week in the maze of corridors and bunkers beneath the plant.

The women urged that Ukrainian fighters also be evacuated alongside civilians, warning they could be tortured and executed if captured. “The lives of soldiers matter too,” Yuliia Fedusiuk told AP in Rome.

In his nightly video address late Saturday, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy switched into Russian to urge Russian troops not to fight in Ukraine, saying even their generals expect that thousands more of them will die.

The president accused Moscow of recruiting new soldiers “with little motivation and little combat experience” so that units gutted early in the war can be thrown back into battle.

“Every Russian soldier can still save his own life,” Zelenskyy said. “It’s better for you to survive in Russia than to perish on our land.”

In other developments:

— Ukrainian Deputy Agriculture Minister Taras Vysotsky said in televised remarks that Russian forces have seized hundreds of thousands of tons of grain in territory under their control. Ukraine is a major grain producer, and the invasion has pushed up world prices and raised concerns about shortages.

— A Russian rocket attack destroyed the airport runway in Odesa, Ukraine’s third-most populous city and a key Black Sea port, the Ukrainian army said.

— The bodies of three men were found buried in a forest near the Kyiv suburb of Bucha, the head of Kyiv’s regional police force said. The men, whose bodies were found Friday, had been tortured before they were shot in the head, Andriy Nebytov wrote on Facebook. Ukrainian officials have alleged that retreating Russian troops carried out mass killings of civilians in Bucha.

— Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said in an interview that Russian and Ukrainian negotiators talk “almost every day.” However, he told Chinese state news agency Xinhua, “progress has not been easy.”

— Two buses sent to evacuate residents from the eastern town of Popasna were fired upon, and contact with the organizers was lost, Mayor Nikolai Khanatov said: “We know that (the buses) reached the town and then came under fire from an enemy sabotage and reconnaissance group.”

Getting a full picture of the unfolding battle in eastern Ukraine has been difficult because airstrikes and artillery barrages have made it extremely dangerous for reporters to move around. Also, both Ukraine and Moscow-backed rebels have introduced tight restrictions on reporting from the combat zone.

But Western military analysts suggested that the offensive in the Donbas region, which includes Mariupol, was going much slower than planned. So far, Russian troops and the separatists appeared to have made only minor gains in the month since Moscow said it would focus its military strength in the east.

Numerically, Russia’s military manpower vastly exceeds Ukraine’s. In the days before the war began, Western intelligence estimated Russia had positioned near the border as many as 190,000 troops; Ukraine’s standing military totals about 200,000, spread throughout the country.

Yet, in part because of the tenacity of the Ukrainian resistance, the U.S. believes the Russians are “at least several days behind where they wanted to be” as they try to encircle Ukrainian troops in the east, said a senior U.S. defense official who spoke on condition of anonymity to discuss the American military’s assessment.

With plenty of firepower still in reserve, Russia’s offensive still could intensify and overrun the Ukrainians. Overall the Russian army has an estimated 900,000 active-duty personnel. Russia also has a much larger air force and navy.

Hundreds of millions of dollars in military assistance has flowed into Ukraine since the war began, but Russia's vast armories mean Ukraine's needs are nearly inexhaustible.

Mariupol officials have described dire shortages of food, water and medicine. U.N. humanitarian spokesman Saviano Abreu said the world organization was negotiating with authorities in Moscow and Kyiv, but he could not provide details of the ongoing evacuation effort "because of the complexity and fluidity of the operation.”

“There is, right now, ongoing, high-level engagements with all the governments, Russia and Ukraine, to make sure that you can save civilians and support the evacuation of civilians from the plant,” Abreu told AP. He would not confirm video posted on social media purportedly showing U.N.-marked vehicles in Mariupol.

Ukraine has blamed the failure of numerous previous evacuation attempts on continued Russian shelling.

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Associated Press journalists Jon Gambrell and Yuras Karmanau in Lviv, Mstyslav Chernov in Kharkiv, Yesica Fisch in Sloviansk, Lolita C. Baldor in Washington, Trisha Thompson in Rome and AP staff around the world contributed to this report.

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Follow AP’s coverage of the war in Ukraine: https://apnews.com/hub/russia-ukraine