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Leftist millennial wins election as Chile's next president

Electoral workers prepare a school to be a polling station for the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chile, Friday, Dec. 17, 2021. Chile will...
Republican Party presidential candidate Jose Antonio Kast holds his closing campaign rally ahead of the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chi...
Presidential candidate Gabriel Boric, of the I approve Dignity coalition, waves to supporters during his closing campaign rally ahead of the president...
Supporters of Republican Party presidential candidate Jose Antonio Kast wait for the start of his closing campaign rally ahead of the presidential run...
Supporters of presidential candidate Gabriel Boric, of the "I approve Dignity" coalition, cheer prior to the closing campaign rally ahead of the presi...
Electoral workers joke with a stickers that read in Spanish "President" while preparing a school to be a polling station for the presidential run-off ...
Election booths and chairs sit idle before being arranged at a school that will serve as a polling station for the presidential run-off election in Sa...
Demonstrators burn an election campaign flag of presidential candidate Jose Antonio Kast, of the Republican Party, at Italy Plaza in Santiago, Chile, ...
An anti-government protester waves a Chilean flag before police vehicles parked in Italy Plaza in Santiago, Chile, Friday, Dec. 17, 2021. Chile will h...
Electoral workers prepare a school to be a polling station for the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chile, Friday, Dec. 17, 2021. Chile will...
Electoral workers prepares a school to be a polling station for the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chile, Friday, Dec. 17, 2021. Chile wil...
A man enters to vote at a polling station holding his bicycle during the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chile, Sunday, Dec. 19, 2021. (AP ...
Presidential candidate Jose Antonio Kast, of the Republican Party, votes at a polling station during the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Ch...
Two women enter a polling station to vote during the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chile, Sunday, Dec. 19, 2021. (AP Photo/Matias Delacro...
A man votes at a polling station during the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chile, Sunday, Dec. 19, 2021. (AP Photo/Matias Delacroix)
A man holds his daughter as she casts his vote at a polling station during the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chile, Sunday, Dec. 19, 2021...
Chileans arrive at a polling station to cast their vote during the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chile, Sunday, Dec. 19, 2021. (AP Photo/...
Presidential candidate Gabriel Boric, of the "I approve Dignity" coalition, votes at a polling station during the presidential run-off election in Pun...
An electoral worker counts ballot papers after polls closed during the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chile, Sunday, Dec. 19, 2021. (AP Ph...
A voter marks a candidate during the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chile, Sunday, Dec. 19, 2021. (AP Photo/Matias Delacroix)
People vote at a polling station during the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chile, Sunday, Dec. 19, 2021. (AP Photo/Esteban Felix)
Presidential candidate Gabriel Boric, of the "I approve Dignity" coalition, takes selfies with supports outside a polling station during the president...
Presidential candidate Jose Antonio Kast, of the Republican Party, leaves after voting at a polling station during the presidential run-off election i...
Electoral workers prepare ballot papers at a polling station during the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chile, Sunday, Dec. 19, 2021. (AP P...
Presidential candidate Gabriel Boric, of the "I approve Dignity" coalition, waves to supporters at a polling station during the presidential run-off e...
Supporters of Gabriel Boric, of the "I approve Dignity" coalition, gather at his election day headquarters after polls closed and partial results were...
A supporter of Gabriel Boric, of the "I approve Dignity" coalition, reacts after polls closed and partial results were announced during the presidenti...
Supporters of Gabriel Boric, of the "I approve Dignity" coalition, gather at his headquarters after polls closed and partial results were announced du...
Presidential candidate Gabriel Boric, of the "I approve Dignity" coalition, embraces a woman outside a polling station during the presidential run-off...
Jose Antonio Kast, of the Republican Party, talks after early elections results showed him loosing to Gabriel Boric, of the "I approve Dignity" coalit...
Supporters of Gabriel Boric, of the "I approve Dignity" coalition, celebrates his victory in the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chile, Sun...
Chile's President elect Gabriel Boric, of the "I approve Dignity" coalition, center, waves to supporters celebrating his victory in the presidential r...
Chile's President elect Gabriel Boric, of the "I approve Dignity" coalition, celebrates his victory in the presidential run-off election, in Santiago,...
Supporters of Chile's President elect Gabriel Boric, of the "I approve Dignity" coalition, celebrate his victory in the presidential run-off election,...
Supporters of Chile's President elect Gabriel Boric, of the "I approve Dignity" coalition, celebrate his victory in the presidential run-off election,...
Jose Antonio Kast, of the Republican Party, right, leaves after voting at a polling station during the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chil...
Jose Antonio Kast, of the Republican Party, arrives to vote during the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chile, Sunday, Dec. 19, 2021. (AP Ph...
Chile's President elect Gabriel Boric, of the "I approve Dignity" coalition, celebrates his victory in the presidential run-off election  in Santiago,...
An electoral worker counts ballot papers after polls closed during the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chile, Sunday, Dec. 19, 2021. (AP Ph...
Jose Antonio Kast, of the Republican Party, votes at a polling station during the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chile, Sunday, Dec. 19, 2...

Electoral workers prepare a school to be a polling station for the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chile, Friday, Dec. 17, 2021. Chile will...

Republican Party presidential candidate Jose Antonio Kast holds his closing campaign rally ahead of the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chi...

Presidential candidate Gabriel Boric, of the I approve Dignity coalition, waves to supporters during his closing campaign rally ahead of the president...

Supporters of Republican Party presidential candidate Jose Antonio Kast wait for the start of his closing campaign rally ahead of the presidential run...

Supporters of presidential candidate Gabriel Boric, of the "I approve Dignity" coalition, cheer prior to the closing campaign rally ahead of the presi...

Electoral workers joke with a stickers that read in Spanish "President" while preparing a school to be a polling station for the presidential run-off ...

Election booths and chairs sit idle before being arranged at a school that will serve as a polling station for the presidential run-off election in Sa...

Demonstrators burn an election campaign flag of presidential candidate Jose Antonio Kast, of the Republican Party, at Italy Plaza in Santiago, Chile, ...

An anti-government protester waves a Chilean flag before police vehicles parked in Italy Plaza in Santiago, Chile, Friday, Dec. 17, 2021. Chile will h...

Electoral workers prepare a school to be a polling station for the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chile, Friday, Dec. 17, 2021. Chile will...

Electoral workers prepares a school to be a polling station for the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chile, Friday, Dec. 17, 2021. Chile wil...

A man enters to vote at a polling station holding his bicycle during the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chile, Sunday, Dec. 19, 2021. (AP ...

Presidential candidate Jose Antonio Kast, of the Republican Party, votes at a polling station during the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Ch...

Two women enter a polling station to vote during the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chile, Sunday, Dec. 19, 2021. (AP Photo/Matias Delacro...

A man votes at a polling station during the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chile, Sunday, Dec. 19, 2021. (AP Photo/Matias Delacroix)

A man holds his daughter as she casts his vote at a polling station during the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chile, Sunday, Dec. 19, 2021...

Chileans arrive at a polling station to cast their vote during the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chile, Sunday, Dec. 19, 2021. (AP Photo/...

Presidential candidate Gabriel Boric, of the "I approve Dignity" coalition, votes at a polling station during the presidential run-off election in Pun...

An electoral worker counts ballot papers after polls closed during the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chile, Sunday, Dec. 19, 2021. (AP Ph...

A voter marks a candidate during the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chile, Sunday, Dec. 19, 2021. (AP Photo/Matias Delacroix)

People vote at a polling station during the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chile, Sunday, Dec. 19, 2021. (AP Photo/Esteban Felix)

Presidential candidate Gabriel Boric, of the "I approve Dignity" coalition, takes selfies with supports outside a polling station during the president...

Presidential candidate Jose Antonio Kast, of the Republican Party, leaves after voting at a polling station during the presidential run-off election i...

Electoral workers prepare ballot papers at a polling station during the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chile, Sunday, Dec. 19, 2021. (AP P...

Presidential candidate Gabriel Boric, of the "I approve Dignity" coalition, waves to supporters at a polling station during the presidential run-off e...

Supporters of Gabriel Boric, of the "I approve Dignity" coalition, gather at his election day headquarters after polls closed and partial results were...

A supporter of Gabriel Boric, of the "I approve Dignity" coalition, reacts after polls closed and partial results were announced during the presidenti...

Supporters of Gabriel Boric, of the "I approve Dignity" coalition, gather at his headquarters after polls closed and partial results were announced du...

Presidential candidate Gabriel Boric, of the "I approve Dignity" coalition, embraces a woman outside a polling station during the presidential run-off...

Jose Antonio Kast, of the Republican Party, talks after early elections results showed him loosing to Gabriel Boric, of the "I approve Dignity" coalit...

Supporters of Gabriel Boric, of the "I approve Dignity" coalition, celebrates his victory in the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chile, Sun...

Chile's President elect Gabriel Boric, of the "I approve Dignity" coalition, center, waves to supporters celebrating his victory in the presidential r...

Chile's President elect Gabriel Boric, of the "I approve Dignity" coalition, celebrates his victory in the presidential run-off election, in Santiago,...

Supporters of Chile's President elect Gabriel Boric, of the "I approve Dignity" coalition, celebrate his victory in the presidential run-off election,...

Supporters of Chile's President elect Gabriel Boric, of the "I approve Dignity" coalition, celebrate his victory in the presidential run-off election,...

Jose Antonio Kast, of the Republican Party, right, leaves after voting at a polling station during the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chil...

Jose Antonio Kast, of the Republican Party, arrives to vote during the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chile, Sunday, Dec. 19, 2021. (AP Ph...

Chile's President elect Gabriel Boric, of the "I approve Dignity" coalition, celebrates his victory in the presidential run-off election  in Santiago,...

An electoral worker counts ballot papers after polls closed during the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chile, Sunday, Dec. 19, 2021. (AP Ph...

Jose Antonio Kast, of the Republican Party, votes at a polling station during the presidential run-off election in Santiago, Chile, Sunday, Dec. 19, 2...

SANTIAGO, Chile (AP) — A leftist millennial who rose to prominence during anti-government protests was elected Chile’s next president Sunday after a bruising campaign against a free-market firebrand likened to Donald Trump.

With 56% of the votes, Gabriel Boric handily defeated by more than 10 points lawmaker José Antonio Kast, who tried unsuccessfully to scare voters that his inexperienced opponent would become a puppet of his allies in Chile's Communist Party and upend the country's vaunted record as Latin America's most stable, advanced economy.

In a model of democratic civility that broke from the polarizing rhetoric of the campaign, Kast immediately conceded defeat, tweeting a photo of himself on the phone congratulating his opponent on his “grand triumph.” He then later traveled personally to Boric's campaign headquarters to meet with his rival.

Meanwhile, outgoing President Sebastian Pinera — a conservative billionaire — held a video conference with Boric to offer his government's full support during the three month transition.

Amid a crush of supporters, Boric vaulted atop a metal barricade to reach the stage where he initiated in the indigenous Mapuche language a rousing victory speech to thousands of mostly young supporters.

The bearded, bespectacled president-elect highlighted the progressive positions that launched his improbable campaign, including a promise to fight climate change by blocking a proposed mining project in what is the world's largest copper producing nation.

He also promised to end Chile's private pension system — the hallmark of the neoliberal economic model imposed by the dictatorship of Gen. Augusto Pinochet.

“We are a generation that emerged in public life demanding our rights be respected as rights and not treated like consumer goods or a business,” Boric said. “We know there continues to be justice for the rich, and justice for the poor, and we no longer will permit that the poor keep paying the price of Chile's inequality.”

He also gave an extended shout out to Chilean women, a key voting bloc who feared that a Kast victory would roll back years of steady gains, promising they will be “protagonists” in a government that will seek to “leave behind once and for all the patriarchal inheritance of our society.”

In Santiago's subway, where a fare hike in 2019 triggered a wave of nationwide protests that exposed the shortcomings of Chile's free market model, young supporters of Boric, some of them waving flags emblazoned with the candidate's name, jumped and shouted in unison as they headed downtown to join thousands who gathered for the president-elect's victory speech.

“This is a historic day,” said Boris Soto, a teacher. “We've defeated not only fascism, and the right wing, but also fear.”

At 35, Boric will become Chile’s youngest modern president when he takes office in March and only the second millennial to lead in Latin America, after El Salvador’s Nayib Bukele. Only one other head of state, Giacomo Simoncini of the city-state San Marino in Europe, is younger.

His government is likely to be closely watched throughout Latin America, where Chile has long been a harbinger of regional trends.

It was the first country in Latin America to break with the U.S. dominance during the Cold War and pursue socialism with the election of Salvador Allende in 1970. It then reversed course a few years later when Pinochet’s coup ushered in a period of right-wing military rule that quickly launched a free market experiment throughout the region.

Boric’s ambitious goal is to introduce a European-style social democracy that would expand economic and political rights to attack nagging inequality without veering toward the authoritarianism embraced by so much of the left in Latin America, from Cuba to Venezuela.

It's a task made more challenging by deepening ideological divisions unleashed by the coronavirus pandemic, which sped up the reversal of a decade of economic gains.

Kast, who has a history of defending Chile’s past military dictatorship, finished ahead of Boric by two points in the first round of voting last month but failed to secure a majority of votes. That set up a head-to-head runoff against Boric.

Boric was able to reverse the difference by a larger margin than pre-election opinion polls forecast by expanding beyond his base in the capital, Santiago, and attracting voters in rural areas who don't side with political extremes. For example, in the northern region of Antofagasta, where he finished third in the first round of voting, he trounced Kast by almost 20 points.

An additional 1.2 million Chileans cast ballots Sunday compared to the first round, raising turnout to nearly 56%, the highest since voting stopped being mandatory in 2012.

“It’s impossible not to be impressed by the historic turnout, the willingness of Kast to concede and congratulate his opponent even before final results were in, and the generous words of President Pinera," said Cynthia Arnson, head of the Latin America program at the Wilson Center in Washington. “Chilean democracy won today, for sure.”

Kast, 55, a devout Roman Catholic and father of nine, emerged from the far right fringe after having won less than 8% of the vote in 2017. An admirer of Brazil's far-right President Jair Bolsonaro, he rose steadily in the polls this time with a divisive discourse emphasizing conservative family values and playing on Chileans' fears that a surge in migration — from Haiti and Venezuela — is driving crime.

As a lawmaker he has a record of attacking Chile's LGBTQ community and advocating more restrictive abortion laws. He also accused Pinera, a fellow conservative, of betraying the economic Pinochet. Kast's brother, Miguel, was one of the dictator's top advisers.

In recent days, both candidates had tried to veer toward the center.

“I'm not an extremist. ... I don't feel far right,” Kast proclaimed in the final stretch even as he was dogged by revelations that his German-born father had been a card-carrying member of Adolf Hitler's Nazi party.

Boric's victory likely to be tempered by a divided congress.

In addition, the political rules could soon change because a newly elected convention is rewriting the country's Pinochet-era constitution. The convention — the nation's most powerful elected institution — could in theory call for new presidential elections when it concludes its work next year and if the new charter is ratified in a plebiscite.

___

Associated Press writer Patricia Luna reported in Santiago and AP writer Joshua Goodman reported from Miami.


Updated : 2022-05-28 22:32 GMT+08:00