ISTANBUL (AP) — A Turkish philanthropist businessman and human rights defender is again standing trial in Turkey on Friday, accused of espionage and attempting to overthrow the government in connection to a failed coup four years ago.
Human rights groups have denounced the case against Osman Kavala as unjust and politically-motivated.
Kavala, 63, was acquitted of terrorism-related charges earlier this year for allegedly organizing and financing mass anti-government protests that erupted in 2013. But as his supporters awaited his release from prison, authorities issued a warrant for his re-arrest, this time accusing him of links to a 2016 failed coup attempt.
The businessman faces a life term in prison if found guilty of the new charges of attempting to overthrow the constitutional order and a further 20 years for alleged “military and political espionage” to conspire against Turkey. Kavala denies the charges.
Academic Henri Barkey, who lives in the United States and was also charged in the case, is being tried in absentia.
A 64-page indictment alleges Kavala and Barkey collaborated over the coup, which Turkey’s government says was orchestrated by a network headed by U.S.-based Turkish Muslim cleric Fethullah Gulen. It cites as evidence mobile phone signals suggesting that Kavala and Barkey met in Turkey around the time of the coup attempt. Human rights groups have described the indictment as “absurd.”
Kavala has been in prison since he was detained in October 2017, despite a European Court of Human Rights ruling for his release. Turkey’s Constitutional Court is reviewing his complaint challenging his lengthy pre-trial detention.
Several human rights groups have called for his immediate release and for all charges against him to be dropped, insisting that there is no evidence to support the accusations.
“Osman Kavala is facing more baseless, politically motivated charges in a prosecution which is part of a wider attempt by Turkish authorities to silence independent civil society," said Amnesty International’s Europe Director, Nils Muizniek. "Osman Kavala should not have spent a single minute behind bars, let alone more than three years in pre-trial detention.”
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan had criticized Kavala’s acquittal in February of the terror charges and had called for respect for the decision to re-arrest him. An investigation was launched into a panel of judges that acquitted him, casting a further shadow on the independence of the Turkish courts.
Kavala is known for his support of the arts and his funding of projects promoting cultural diversity and minority rights.
Erdogan, however, has accused Kavala of being the “Turkish leg” of billionaire U.S. philanthropist George Soros, who the Turkish leader alleged has been behind insurrections in many countries.
Earlier this year, Kavala was the recipient of a Turkish human rights prize, and wrote a speech that was read on his behalf at the ceremony.
“The most burning issue for many of our citizens like myself is the erosion of the rule of law, one of the main pillars of the (Turkish) republic” Kavala wrote. “The judiciary does not act in accordance with the legal norms, but rather in line with the political priorities and instructions of the government.”
Fraser reported from Ankara, Turkey.