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Pandemic pushes newly hungry Americans to crowded food lines

Phyllis Marder poses with her cat, Nellie, with food she recently obtained from a local food bank in the dining room of her home in Evanston, Ill., on...
Phyllis Marder participates in a virtual Tohar study of the Torah at her home in Evanston, Ill., on Wednesday, Nov. 11, 2020. At first, Marder, 66, di...
Apples, a melon and a squash sit in the late afternoon light Wednesday, Nov. 11, 2020, on a counter in Phyllis Marder's kitchen in Evanston, Ill. At f...
Phyllis Marder walks along a River Park bike trail Wednesday, Nov. 11, 2020, in Chicago. She’ll be working as a coronavirus contract tracer for a near...
Norman Butler, a first time food bank user, and his girlfriend Cheryl Butler wait overnight in their car, along with others lined up to receive food a...
Norman Butler, a first-time food bank user, talks with his girlfriend, Cheryl Butler, as they sit in their car overnight waiting in line at a food dis...
Norman Butler unboxes food that he received at a food distribution point, in his apartment, after waiting in line overnight, in New Orleans, Thursday,...
Briana Dominguez, right, listens to her son, Noah Scott, pout about not be able to eat his sandwich on the living room floor instead of at the table, ...
Airis Messick, left, and Brian Messick, right, eat lunch with this 9-year-old son, Jayden, at their apartment in Anchorage, Alaska, on Wednesday, Nov....
Volunteers distribute food to people who waited in line in their cars overnight, at a food distribution point in Metairie, La., Thursday, Nov. 19, 202...
Jayden Messick, 9, helps his parents, Brian and Airis Messick, prepare lunch at their apartment in Anchorage, Alaska, on Wednesday, Nov. 11, 2020. The...
Airis Messick, left, and Brian Messick, right, eat lunch at their apartment in Anchorage, Alaska, on Wednesday, Nov. 11, 2020. Messick and her husband...
From left, Eliel Leocadio, 12, sisters Zeret, 10, Areli, 9, and their mother, Abigail Leocadio, bring food into their home after volunteers Mary Ann K...
From left, St. Vincent de Paul volunteers Mary Ann Kneip and her husband, Pete Kneip, pray with Zeret Leocadio, 10; her sister, Areli, 9; her brother,...
From left, Abigail Leocadio, stands with her children, Areli, 9, Eliel, 12, Zeret, 10, and Samai, 15, after a delivery from the Emmaus House food pant...
Johnna Nieves, left, opens her van as Idalia Nunez, right, of the Second Harvest Food Bank loads the vehicle with a weeks supply of food in Orlando, F...
Briana Dominguez poses for a portrait outside her family's apartment building in Skokie, Ill., on Saturday, Nov. 21, 2020, holding the bag of grocerie...
Briana Dominguez, left, continues to work remotely at a her job which will be eliminated at the end of December, as her sons Nehemiah Powell, 14, stan...
Briana Dominguez, center, sits with her sons, Noah Scott, 4, left, and Nehemiah Powell, 14, for a portrait inside their their Skokie, Ill., apartment ...
Nehemiah Powell, 14, watches TV and eats noodles Saturday, Nov. 21, 2020, following his virtual school gym workout at his home in Skokie, Ill. After h...
Nehemiah Powell, 14, carries a mattress Saturday, Nov. 21, 2020, for his brother's new bed to a storage space outside his family's apartment in Skokie...
Tyson Foods employee, Silvia De Leon, drives home from a local food pantry at the Community Baptist Church of Noel, in Noel, Mo., on Saturday, Nov. 21...
Bags of food from a local church pantry sit on the kitchen table in the home of Silvia De Leon in Noel, Mo., Saturday, Nov. 21, 2020. After losing her...
Silvia De Leon pours a handmade salsa into a pot of chicken after returning home from a local church food pantry in Noel, Mo., Saturday, Nov. 21, 2020...
Aaron Crawford, his wife Sheyla and their sons, Sornic, left, and Gabriel, stand for a photograph outside their Apple Valley, Minn., home on Saturday,...
Sornic, left, and Gabriel hold gift cards received by their parents, Aaron and Sheyla Crawford, outside their Apple Valley, Minn., home on Saturday, N...
Larry Holt, poses for a portrait outside of his apartment, Thursday, Nov. 19, 2020, in Las Vegas. Holt lost his casino job during the coronavirus pand...
Larry Holt, left, thanks Diana Everett after she delivered a box of food to his apartment, Thursday, Nov. 19, 2020, in Las Vegas. Holt lost his casino...
Fork lift driver Linda Rodriguez repositions pallets of boxed foods within the extensive warehouse at the Houston Food Bank Wednesday, Oct. 14, 2020, ...
Cars wait in line during a Greater Pittsburgh Community Food bank drive-up food distribution in Duquesne, Pa., Monday, Nov. 23, 2020. While food banks...

Phyllis Marder poses with her cat, Nellie, with food she recently obtained from a local food bank in the dining room of her home in Evanston, Ill., on...

Phyllis Marder participates in a virtual Tohar study of the Torah at her home in Evanston, Ill., on Wednesday, Nov. 11, 2020. At first, Marder, 66, di...

Apples, a melon and a squash sit in the late afternoon light Wednesday, Nov. 11, 2020, on a counter in Phyllis Marder's kitchen in Evanston, Ill. At f...

Phyllis Marder walks along a River Park bike trail Wednesday, Nov. 11, 2020, in Chicago. She’ll be working as a coronavirus contract tracer for a near...

Norman Butler, a first time food bank user, and his girlfriend Cheryl Butler wait overnight in their car, along with others lined up to receive food a...

Norman Butler, a first-time food bank user, talks with his girlfriend, Cheryl Butler, as they sit in their car overnight waiting in line at a food dis...

Norman Butler unboxes food that he received at a food distribution point, in his apartment, after waiting in line overnight, in New Orleans, Thursday,...

Briana Dominguez, right, listens to her son, Noah Scott, pout about not be able to eat his sandwich on the living room floor instead of at the table, ...

Airis Messick, left, and Brian Messick, right, eat lunch with this 9-year-old son, Jayden, at their apartment in Anchorage, Alaska, on Wednesday, Nov....

Volunteers distribute food to people who waited in line in their cars overnight, at a food distribution point in Metairie, La., Thursday, Nov. 19, 202...

Jayden Messick, 9, helps his parents, Brian and Airis Messick, prepare lunch at their apartment in Anchorage, Alaska, on Wednesday, Nov. 11, 2020. The...

Airis Messick, left, and Brian Messick, right, eat lunch at their apartment in Anchorage, Alaska, on Wednesday, Nov. 11, 2020. Messick and her husband...

From left, Eliel Leocadio, 12, sisters Zeret, 10, Areli, 9, and their mother, Abigail Leocadio, bring food into their home after volunteers Mary Ann K...

From left, St. Vincent de Paul volunteers Mary Ann Kneip and her husband, Pete Kneip, pray with Zeret Leocadio, 10; her sister, Areli, 9; her brother,...

From left, Abigail Leocadio, stands with her children, Areli, 9, Eliel, 12, Zeret, 10, and Samai, 15, after a delivery from the Emmaus House food pant...

Johnna Nieves, left, opens her van as Idalia Nunez, right, of the Second Harvest Food Bank loads the vehicle with a weeks supply of food in Orlando, F...

Briana Dominguez poses for a portrait outside her family's apartment building in Skokie, Ill., on Saturday, Nov. 21, 2020, holding the bag of grocerie...

Briana Dominguez, left, continues to work remotely at a her job which will be eliminated at the end of December, as her sons Nehemiah Powell, 14, stan...

Briana Dominguez, center, sits with her sons, Noah Scott, 4, left, and Nehemiah Powell, 14, for a portrait inside their their Skokie, Ill., apartment ...

Nehemiah Powell, 14, watches TV and eats noodles Saturday, Nov. 21, 2020, following his virtual school gym workout at his home in Skokie, Ill. After h...

Nehemiah Powell, 14, carries a mattress Saturday, Nov. 21, 2020, for his brother's new bed to a storage space outside his family's apartment in Skokie...

Tyson Foods employee, Silvia De Leon, drives home from a local food pantry at the Community Baptist Church of Noel, in Noel, Mo., on Saturday, Nov. 21...

Bags of food from a local church pantry sit on the kitchen table in the home of Silvia De Leon in Noel, Mo., Saturday, Nov. 21, 2020. After losing her...

Silvia De Leon pours a handmade salsa into a pot of chicken after returning home from a local church food pantry in Noel, Mo., Saturday, Nov. 21, 2020...

Aaron Crawford, his wife Sheyla and their sons, Sornic, left, and Gabriel, stand for a photograph outside their Apple Valley, Minn., home on Saturday,...

Sornic, left, and Gabriel hold gift cards received by their parents, Aaron and Sheyla Crawford, outside their Apple Valley, Minn., home on Saturday, N...

Larry Holt, poses for a portrait outside of his apartment, Thursday, Nov. 19, 2020, in Las Vegas. Holt lost his casino job during the coronavirus pand...

Larry Holt, left, thanks Diana Everett after she delivered a box of food to his apartment, Thursday, Nov. 19, 2020, in Las Vegas. Holt lost his casino...

Fork lift driver Linda Rodriguez repositions pallets of boxed foods within the extensive warehouse at the Houston Food Bank Wednesday, Oct. 14, 2020, ...

Cars wait in line during a Greater Pittsburgh Community Food bank drive-up food distribution in Duquesne, Pa., Monday, Nov. 23, 2020. While food banks...

The deadly pandemic that tore through the nation’s heartland struck just as Aaron Crawford was in a moment of crisis. He was looking for work, his wife needed surgery, then the virus started eating away at her paycheck.

The Crawfords had no savings, mounting bills and a growing dread: What if they ran out of food? The couple had two boys, 5 and 10, and boxes of macaroni and cheese from the dollar store could go only so far.

A 37-year-old Navy vet, Crawford saw himself as self-reliant. Asking for food made him uncomfortable. “I felt like I was a failure,” he says. “It’s this whole stigma... this mindset that you’re this guy who can’t provide for his family, that you’re a deadbeat.”

Hunger is a harsh reality in the richest country in the world, even during times of prosperity. Now, with staggering job losses and business closings, millions of Americans are worried about empty refrigerators and barren cupboards.

Feeding America, the nation's largest anti-hunger organization, has never handed out so much food so fast — 4.2 billion meals from March through October. The organization has seen a 60 percent average increase in food bank users during the pandemic; about 4 in 10 are first-timers.

An Associated Press analysis of Feeding America data from 181 food banks in its network found the organization has distributed nearly 57 percent more food in the third quarter of the year, compared with the same period in 2019.

Those fighting hunger say they’ve never seen anything like this in America, even during the Great Recession of 2007-2009.

Across the country, cars line up for miles to wait for food handouts, each driver waiting hours for a box or bag of food. In New York, and other large cities, people stand, waiting for blocks on end.

Shortly before Thanksgiving, Norman Butler and his girlfriend, Cheryl, arrived at 3 a.m. at a drive-through food bank in a suburban New Orleans sports stadium. They joined a pre-dawn procession of mothers with their kids, the elderly and folks like him — unemployed workers.

Before the pandemic, Butler, 53, worked as an airport shuttle and limousine driver, a valet and hotel doorman. Since March when the normally bustling streets turned silent, jobs have been scarce in the city.

“A lot of people are in limbo,” he says. “The main thing we need is to get back to work.”

For communities of color, the pandemic has been a compound disaster with Blacks and Latinos reeling from disproportionately high rates of deaths, infections — and joblessness.

Unemployment surged among Latinos to 18.9 percent this spring, higher than any other racial and ethnic group, according to federal statistics. Though it has since fallen, many are still struggling.

More than 1 in 5 Black and Latino adults with children said as of July 2020 they sometimes or often did not have enough to eat. according to a September report commissioned by the Food Research & Action Center. That was double the rate of white and Asian households. It also found that women, households with children and people of color are at greatest risk of hunger.

Abigail Leocadio, 34, who was brought to the U.S. from Mexico by her family when she was 7, works as a phlebotomist in a local lab. Her husband, a restaurant cook, was unemployed for months during the outbreak.

Leocadio's income — barely more than the $11 state minimum wage — wasn’t enough to cover their expenses. They pay $500 a month to rent a lot for their two-bedroom trailer, and as much as $450 in monthly electric bills and internet service so their four kids, 9 to 15, can attend class remotely.

“It has been hard feeding all the kiddos daily,” Leocadio said outside the trailer after a recent delivery from the Society of St. Vincent de Paul in Phoenix, Arizona. The family recently received two boxes from the charity, including canned tomatoes, dried beans, rice, breakfast cereal and the kids’ undisputed favorite: specialty Oreo cookies.

The food, she says, provides less than half of what her family eats in four weeks, but reduces their monthly bill to about $250.

While food banks have become critical during the pandemic, they’re just one path for combating hunger. For every meal from a food bank, a federal program called the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, or food stamps — provides nine.

Anti-hunger groups have lobbied Congress for a 15 percent increase in maximum food stamp benefits, A similar measure went a long way in digging the nation out of the Great Recession. A stimulus bill passed by the House this spring includes such a provision, but it has been bogged down in partisan squabbling.

Many going to food pantries also are receiving food stamps, though eligibility varies among states.

Aaron Crawford says the addition of $550 in food stamps the family started receiving last summer has made a significant difference as they've faced their own medical troubles. Both he and his wife, Sheyla, had mild cases of COVD-19; she had hysterectomy surgery.

The family also has depended on the Family Resource Centers and Food Shelf, part of 360 Communities, a nonprofit 15 minutes from their apartment in Apple Valley, Minnesota.

When needed, they receive monthly boxes of fresh produce, dairy, deli, meat and other basics — enough food to fill two grocery carts. If that runs out, they can receive an emergency package to tide them over for the rest of the month.

At first, Crawford was embarrassed to go the food shelf; he worried he’d bump into someone he knew. He now sees it differently.

“It didn’t make me a bad man or a terrible husband or father,” he says. “On the contrary, I was actually doing something to make sure that my wife and kids had something thing to eat.”

___

Sharon Cohen, a Chicago-based national writer for The Associated Press, can be reached at scohen@ap.org or on Twitter at http://twitter.com/SCohenAP. Contributing to this report were Martha Irvine in Evanston, Illinois; Rebecca Santana and Gerald Herbert in New Orleans; Anita Snow in Phoenix, Arizona; and Mark Thiessen in Anchorage, Alaska.


Updated : 2021-03-06 04:54 GMT+08:00