Jews in Germany kicked off the eight-day Hanukkah celebration on Sunday by lighting Europe's largest menorah at Brandenburg Gate in Berlin.
Holocaust survivor Margot Friedländer and Josef Schuster, the president of the Central Council of Jews in Germany, and a Jewish boy from Berlin lit the first candle on the 10-meter-high menorah.
Over 2,000 people were there to attend the 15th anniversary of the Brandenburg Gate menorah lighting, including Germany's Minister of Justice and Consumer Protection Christine Lambrecht, Berlin Governing Mayor Michael Müller and Bundestag Vice President Petra Pau.
Read more:Hanukkah in Berlin: German president calls Jewish community 'a gift'
Berlin Chabad chairman Rabbi Yehuda Teichtal was also present at the ceremony. He spoke about the liberation of the Auschwitz concentration camp, the 75th anniversary of which will be observed on January 27, 2020, and decried modern anti-Semitism. "Anti-Semitism is a poison, no matter where it comes from," news agency EDP quoted him as saying. "We won't give in."
Schuster added that religious freedoms could again be at risk in Europe.
Anti-Semitism on the rise
The celebration comes after a turbulent year for Jews and other minority groups in Germany and across Europe, with far-right extremism on the rise and headline-making anti-Semitic attacks, including the October shooting of a Jewish synagogue in Halle, which left two dead and two others injured.
Read more:Germany synagogue attack: Who were the victims in Halle?
According to the Federal Prosecutor's Office, the assailant confessed to having both anti-Semitic and far-right motives."After the attack on October 9, there have been many signs of solidarity. That gives us courage," said Schuster.
A new candle will be lit on the candle at the onset of darkness each evening until December 30. The menorah consists of eight candle holders, and a ninth holder in the middle for a candle that is used to light the rest.
Chanukah, also known as the "Festival of Lights" commemorates the rededication of the Second Temple in Jerusalem after the Maccabees' victory over the Syrian armies in 164 BC.
Celebrations across Germany
Meanwhile in Munich, the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany (CLAIMS), commenced its own Festival of Lights. The organization aims to assist Jews worldwide in negotiating for compensation and restitution for victims of Nazi persecution.
"Keeping the memory of the Holocaust alive is one crucial and increasingly difficult task," said Charlotte Knobloch, President of the Jewish Community of Munich and Upper Bavaria.
"If we light this year's Chanukah candle in Munich, there will be another light that reminds us that the darkness will never prevail and that our minds the world can illuminate," she said. The ceremony took place as part of the International Holocaust Survivors Night. New York and Moscow are also participating today, while Paris and Jerusalem follow on December 23.
Every evening, DW sends out a selection of the day's news and features. Sign up here.