Spain elections: Socialists lead, while far-right Vox surges

Spain's ruling Socialists came in first in Sunday's general election but have fallen short of a majority.

Some 37 million people were eligible to cast their votes in the latest election. The Interior Ministry put turnout at 69.91% — down from the record 71.76% during the general election in April.

With over 99% of the vote counted, acting Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez's center-left PSOE party was on track to secure 120 seats — on par with the 123 it secured in April, but coming up far short of the 176 seats needed for a majority in the lower house of parliament.

Sanchez told supporters that he was committed to forming a government. "Now, no matter what, we will form a progressive government," he said. The acting prime minister pleged to reach out to all parties, "except those that reject a coexistence or that sow the seeds of hatred."

The conservative People's Party (PP) saw a boost in support compared to the election earlier this year, taking 88 seats in the 350-seat parliament.

PP leader Pablo Casado celebrated his party's good results, saying that Sanchez was "the big loser" of the night. Casado acknowledged the "incompatible interests" between his party and PSOE, but did not rule out negotiating a coalition, saying that "the ball is on Sanchez's court."

Far right gains, small parties lose

The far-right Vox party was on track to take third place with 52 seats, more than doubling its presence in parliament since the last election in April.

Vox won seats in Spain's parliament earlier this year, becoming the first time a far-right party entered the legislature in four decades.

Party leader Santiago Abascal said Vox's success was "the greatest political feat seen in Spain."

"Just 11 months ago, we weren't even in any regional legislature in Spain. Today we are the third-largest party in Spain and the party that has grown the most in votes and seats," he said, promising to battle the "progressive dictatorship."

The night saw losses for far-left Unidas Podemos and a near debacle for the center-right Ciudadanos, two small parties that had come to the political arena in the past few years.

Podemos tallied only 35 seats, in comparison with the 42 it won earlier this year, sitting in fourth place.

Ciudadanos, which had come in third in the last election, went from 57 seats to 10. Pary leader Albert Rivera told supporters that there were "no excuses" for the bad result and that the party would have to decide its next steps.

Catalonia in focus

Much of the campaigns in the run-up to Sunday's vote focused on the heightened tensions over the independence movement in the northeastern region of Catalonia.

A new wave of protests erupted in the region after nine separatist leaders were sentenced to prison for their role in the 2017 independence referendum, which was ruled illegal.

The recent demonstrations, some of which saw violent unrest, led to a boost in support for the far-right, with Vox vowing to take a tough stance against secessionists. The far-right party also supports harsher regulations against immigration.

Political stalemate

The last general election in April also saw the Socialists win the most votes, but fall short of a majority. Attempts by acting Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez to secure support from other parties to form a government subsequently failed, prompting him to call an election.

Since 2015, Spain has struggled to put stable governments together with support for newer, smaller parties chipping away at majorities once held by the Socialists and the PP.

rs,jcg/dr (AP, Reuters, dpa)

Every evening, DW's editors send out a selection of the day's hard news and quality feature journalism. You can sign up to receive it directly here.