TAIPEI (Taiwan News) -- Lungluan Lake (龍鑾潭) in Kenting National Park (墾丁國家公園), south of Hengchun and between the Ping-Er Highway and Guanshan, is located in a low-lying area prone to flooding during the rainy season.
To solve the long-running flooding problem, in 1948 the government built a embankments on the east and north sides of the lake where the elevation is lower, essentially turning the lake into a water reservoir.
The scenery and lake surface rippling in the wind has gained a reputation for its poetic beauty.
The Lungluan Lake area is about 450 hectares, with the waters occupying 175 hectares. Outside the lake are paddy fields and man-made ponds.
The area has a lake ecosystem, with Pacific Island silvergrass, reeds and other vegetation growing thickly around the lake. In the water, invertebrates, fish, and shrimps are abundant, providing birds with an excellent environment to rest and eat.
As great numbers of migratory birds migrate to Lungluan Lake every winter, the area has become known as a “wild bird paradise.”
The Nature Center on the west bank was Taiwan’s first bird-themed exhibition hall. It provides bird ecology exhibitions as well as facilities for visitors to observe birds going about their daily lives in their natural habitat.
Every August, the migratory drama of white egrets starts playing out in the Lungluan Lake area, and the climax typically occurs in September and October. It’s worth mentioning that Lungluan Lake is the best spot in Taiwan for watching this migration spectacle.
Around mid-October every year, green-winged teals and tufted ducks coming from the north begin to move into the area. Numbers reach their maximum in December, when Lungluan Lake’s wild duck season officially kicks off.