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Backers of proposed US mental health legislation hopeful for passage next year

Backers of proposed US mental health legislation hopeful for passage next year

After years of trying, advocates think they have a good chance of getting Congress to pass legislation next year that would require equal health insurance coverage for mental and physical illnesses, if their policies include both.
The legislation, named for the late Senator Paul Wellstone, a Democrat who championed the cause, has strong support in Congress but has run into Republican roadblocks. In the last congressional session, 231 House members _ more than half of the chamber _ signed on as co-sponsors. The Republican leadership, which in the past had expressed concern that the proposal would drive up health insurance premiums, would not bring it up for a vote.
In 2003, Senate Democrats tried to win passage of the bill as a tribute to Wellstone, who died in a plane crash the previous year. Republicans blocked an attempt to pass it by unanimous consent.
"I'm very optimistic that 2007 will finally be the year that our health care system recognizes that the brain is, in fact, a part of the body," said Congressman Patrick Kennedy, a Democrat who sponsored the bill in the last Congress. "We've had majority support for this legislation six years in a row, and now we have a chance to bring it to the floor and pass it."
Kennedy has worked to erase the stigma of depression and other mental health problems. He has been candid about his own mental health, including being diagnosed with bipolar disorder, and he has won praise for speaking publicly about suffering from depression since his teenage years, taking antidepressant medication and regularly seeing a psychiatrist. He has also acknowledged being in recovery for alcoholism and substance abuse.
Kennedy's lead co-sponsor, Republican Jim Ramstad, said a "silver lining" to the Democrats winning both houses of Congress is the increased chances of passing the bill, known as mental health parity.
"The Republican leadership would not give us a vote," said Ramstad, a recovering alcoholic who has pushed for improved treatment for those with alcohol and drug dependency.
Ramstad said that incoming House Speaker Nancy Pelosi has told him the bill will come up for a vote on the House floor, which Pelosi spokesman Brendan Daly confirmed.
"We need to deal as a nation with America's No. 1 health problem," Ramstad said. "It's not only the right thing to do, but the cost-effective thing do."
Prospects have also improved in the Senate. Incoming Majority Leader Harry Reid is a big backer of mental health parity, as is Kennedy's father, Democrat Edward M. Kennedy, who will chair the Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee next year.
A 1996 law already prohibits health plans that offer mental health coverage from setting lower annual and lifetime spending limits for mental treatments than for physical ailments. But backers want to see that expanded to things like co-payments, deductibles and limits on doctor visits.