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U.S. 38th President Gerald Ford:

Gerald Ford took office as America's first appointed president on August 9, 1974, following Richard Nixon's resignation in the worst U.S. political scandal.
Ford pardoned Nixon on Sept. 8, 1974, for any crime he may have committed in office, an act that stunned the nation and stirred enduring controversy. He denied making any deal with Nixon.
He escaped two assassination attempts in a 17-day span in 1975, and served on the Warren Commission which investigated the 1963 assassination of President John Kennedy.
At the Helsinki summit of 1975, Ford and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev signed agreements in effect swapping Western acknowledgment of post-war Soviet domination in central Europe for Moscow's vows to liberalize human rights and ease border restrictions.
Ford declared the Vietnam War "finished as far as America is concerned" on April 23, 1975, and the U.S.-backed Saigon government fell one week later. Congress had rejected Ford's last-ditch efforts to boost military aid to Saigon.
Ford represented Michigan in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1949 and rose through Republican ranks to become House minority leader in the 1960s. Nixon named him vice president in 1973 after Spiro Agnew resigned the post in a corruption scandal.
He was the only U.S. president to have assumed office without winning a national election as either president or vice president. He lost to Democrat Jimmy Carter in his 1976 bid for a full term, in one of the closest U.S. elections in U.S. history.
Ford played on the University of Michigan's national championship football teams in 1932 and 1933 and turned down offers to play with the Detroit Lions and Green Bay Packers in the National Football League. Instead he went to Yale University, where he went to law school and served as boxing coach. Two of his trainees were future U.S. senators Robert Taft Jr. and William Proxmire.
Ford was born Leslie Lynch King Jr. on July 14, 1913, but his parents divorced when he was a toddler. When his mother married Gerald R. Ford in 1916, the family began calling the future president Gerald R. Ford Jr. but his name was not legally changed until 1935, according to the Ford Presidential Library and Museum.
QUOTES
Q"I am a Ford, not a Lincoln."
-December 6, 1973, after being sworn in as vice president.
Q"I have not sought this enormous responsibility but I will not shirk it ... My fellow Americans, our long national nightmare is over. Our Constitution works; our great republic is a government of laws and not of men. Here the people rule."
-August 9, 1974, upon being sworn in as president following the resignation of Richard Nixon.
Q"A government big enough to give you everything you want is a government big enough to take from you everything you have."
-August 12, 1974, address to a Congress.
Q"Theirs is an American tragedy in which we all have played a part. It could go on and on and on, or someone must write the end to it. I have concluded that only I can do that, and if I can, I must."
-September 8, 1974, upon granting a pardon to Richard Nixon.
Q"The establishment of justice and peace abroad will in large measure depend upon the peace and justice we create here in our own country, for we still show the way."
-July 4, 1976, on the U.S. bicentennial at Independence Hall in Philadelphia.
Q"There is no Soviet domination of Eastern Europe and there never will be under a Ford administration."
-October 6, 1976, in a presidential campaign debate against Jimmy Carter.
Q"I can report that the state of the union is good. There is room for improvement, as always, but today we have a more perfect Union than when my stewardship began."
-January 12, 1977, in his final State of the Union to Congress.
W"I am a loyal Wolverine. When they lose in football, basketball, or anything I still get darn disappointed."
-October 8, 1994, newspaper interview before the University of Michigan retired his football number.


Updated : 2021-01-29 00:05 GMT+08:00