Abandoned tunnels in Kaohsiung, Taiwan turned into eco-habitat

Japanese camphor transport tunnels in Kaohsiung are becoming a hot spot for adventure-tourism

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The Liuoguei Tunnels now house bats and birds.

The Liuoguei Tunnels now house bats and birds. (By Central News Agency)

TAIPEI (Taiwan News) — Once used to transport camphor, the Liuoguei Tunnels were abandoned decades ago and have become an incredible environment for biodiversity since.

Three tunnels, totaling 792 meters in length (1,200 feet), in the Liuoguei District of Kaohisung were abandoned in 1992 and gifted instead to local wildlife.


Pacific swallow (Image from Wikimedia commons) 

The tunnels easily transformed into habitats for the pacific swallow and the Taiwan leaf-nosed bat, according to CNA. Each species is attracted to the tunnel’s dark and humid conditions and the abundance of insects.


Taiwan leaf-nosed bat (Image from Bat Info) 

The Liuoguei Tunnels are at the intersection of the Pingtung Plain and the Central Mountain Range around 800 meters above sea level.

During the period of Japanese rule camphor was extremely valuable, used in insect repellent as well as artillery shells, according to CNA. The Japanese commissioned the construction of these tunnels to facilitate the transport of camphor and logs.


(CNA image) 

The tunnels are now a tourist attraction and accessible only with a tour guide.