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Iraqi forces launch offensive to drive IS from western Mosul


              A member of the Iraqi federal police carries an Iraqi flag during a battle against the Islamic State, in Hamam al-Alil, Iraq, Sunday, F...

              A federal police officer stands inside a damaged house after it was hit by an air strike, in Hamam al-Alil, Iraq, Sunday, Feb. 19, 2017...

              A member of the federal police smokes a cigarette during a break in fighting against Islamic State militants, in Hamam al-Alil, Iraq, S...

              Commanders of the federal police look up after an air strike targeted Islamic State militants, near Hamam al-Alil, Iraq, Sunday, Feb. 1...

              A federal police officer stands inside a damaged house after it was hit by an air strike, in Hamam al-Alil, Iraq, Sunday, Feb. 19, 2017...

              An Iraqi federal police member walks towards the frontline outside the town of Hamam al-Alil, Iraq, Sunday, Feb. 2017. The battle for t...

              Iraqi federal police forces attach an Iraqi flag to a humvee before going to battle against the Islamic State, in Hamam al-Alil, Iraq, ...

              A member of the Iraqi federal police holds a radio in the town of Hamam al-Alil, Sunday Feb. 19, 2017. U.S.-backed Iraqi forces launche...

              A member of the Iraqi federal police wears an Iraqi flag around his shoulders before going to battle against the Islamic State group, i...

              In this Dec. 2, 2016 file photo, a group of civilians pass close to the body of an Islamic State militant, while fleeing from Mosul due...

              In this Nov. 20, 2016 file photo, a woman fires to the air at a Popular Mobilization Units base south of Mosul, Iraq,. Iraqi troops on ...

              FILE -- In this Nov. 2, 2016 file photo, civilians carry a white flag as they pass by Iraqi special forces on patrol in Gogjali, an eas...

              FILE -- In this Jan. 24, 2017 file photo, Iraqi Army soldiers celebrate with residents of liberated neighborhoods as they hold upside d...

              In this Dec. 4, 2016 file photo, an Iraqi man distributes potatoes to civilians in the Samah district of Mosul, Iraq. (AP Photo/Manu Br...

              FILE -- In this Nov. 16, 2016 file photo, a car bomb explodes next to Iraqi special forces armored vehicles as they advance towards Isl...

              FILE -- In this Oct. 20, 2016 file photo, Iraqi army soldiers raise their weapons in celebration on the outskirts of Mosul, Iraq, . Ira...

              FILE -- In this Dec. 7, 2016 file photo, Yousuf Odey, 10, who was wounded in the eye by Islamic State militants, is treated by doctors ...

              FILE -- In this Dec. 6, 2016  file photo, an Iraqi soldier of the 9th division is seen within a Humvee in Shyma district in Mosul, Iraq...

              FILE In this Dec. 6, 2016 file photo, an Iraqi soldier from the 9th Infantry Division holds his machine gun while heading to the frontl...

              FILE -- In this Dec. 8, 2016 file photo, a member of the Sunna militia salutes a comrade in another roof making the victory sign in She...

              FILE - In this Nov. 28, 2016 file photo, Iraq's Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi speaks during an interview with the Associated Press in ...

A member of the Iraqi federal police carries an Iraqi flag during a battle against the Islamic State, in Hamam al-Alil, Iraq, Sunday, F...

A federal police officer stands inside a damaged house after it was hit by an air strike, in Hamam al-Alil, Iraq, Sunday, Feb. 19, 2017...

A member of the federal police smokes a cigarette during a break in fighting against Islamic State militants, in Hamam al-Alil, Iraq, S...

Commanders of the federal police look up after an air strike targeted Islamic State militants, near Hamam al-Alil, Iraq, Sunday, Feb. 1...

A federal police officer stands inside a damaged house after it was hit by an air strike, in Hamam al-Alil, Iraq, Sunday, Feb. 19, 2017...

An Iraqi federal police member walks towards the frontline outside the town of Hamam al-Alil, Iraq, Sunday, Feb. 2017. The battle for t...

Iraqi federal police forces attach an Iraqi flag to a humvee before going to battle against the Islamic State, in Hamam al-Alil, Iraq, ...

A member of the Iraqi federal police holds a radio in the town of Hamam al-Alil, Sunday Feb. 19, 2017. U.S.-backed Iraqi forces launche...

A member of the Iraqi federal police wears an Iraqi flag around his shoulders before going to battle against the Islamic State group, i...

In this Dec. 2, 2016 file photo, a group of civilians pass close to the body of an Islamic State militant, while fleeing from Mosul due...

In this Nov. 20, 2016 file photo, a woman fires to the air at a Popular Mobilization Units base south of Mosul, Iraq,. Iraqi troops on ...

FILE -- In this Nov. 2, 2016 file photo, civilians carry a white flag as they pass by Iraqi special forces on patrol in Gogjali, an eas...

FILE -- In this Jan. 24, 2017 file photo, Iraqi Army soldiers celebrate with residents of liberated neighborhoods as they hold upside d...

In this Dec. 4, 2016 file photo, an Iraqi man distributes potatoes to civilians in the Samah district of Mosul, Iraq. (AP Photo/Manu Br...

FILE -- In this Nov. 16, 2016 file photo, a car bomb explodes next to Iraqi special forces armored vehicles as they advance towards Isl...

FILE -- In this Oct. 20, 2016 file photo, Iraqi army soldiers raise their weapons in celebration on the outskirts of Mosul, Iraq, . Ira...

FILE -- In this Dec. 7, 2016 file photo, Yousuf Odey, 10, who was wounded in the eye by Islamic State militants, is treated by doctors ...

FILE -- In this Dec. 6, 2016 file photo, an Iraqi soldier of the 9th division is seen within a Humvee in Shyma district in Mosul, Iraq...

FILE In this Dec. 6, 2016 file photo, an Iraqi soldier from the 9th Infantry Division holds his machine gun while heading to the frontl...

FILE -- In this Dec. 8, 2016 file photo, a member of the Sunna militia salutes a comrade in another roof making the victory sign in She...

FILE - In this Nov. 28, 2016 file photo, Iraq's Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi speaks during an interview with the Associated Press in ...

HAMAM AL-ALIL, Iraq (AP) — U.S.-backed Iraqi forces launched a major air-and-ground offensive Sunday to retake western Mosul from Islamic State militants and drive the extremist group from its last major urban bastion in Iraq.

Ground units pushed into a belt of villages outside the country's second-largest city, and plumes of smoke rose into the sky early in the morning as U.S.-led coalition jets struck militant positions southwest of Mosul and militarized Iraqi police fired artillery.

"This is zero hour and we are going to end this war, God willing," said Mahmoud Mansour, a police officer, as he prepared to move out.

The United Nations warned that hundreds of thousands of civilians trapped inside their homes in Mosul "are at extreme risk," with dwindling fuel, food and water and scarce electricity.

Iraq declared eastern Mosul "fully liberated" last month after three months of fierce fighting, but the militants have continued to stage attacks there, including two suicide bombings against government forces on Sunday.

The battle for western Mosul promises to be even more daunting, as the half of the city west of the Tigris River has older, narrower streets and is still heavily populated.

Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi announced the start of the latest operation on state TV. Using the Arabic acronym for IS, he said government forces were moving to "liberate the people of Mosul from Daesh oppression and terrorism forever."

Police units quickly entered the village of Athba, about 3 miles (5 kilometers) southwest of Mosul's international airport, encountering only light resistance. Separately, the Iraqi Army's 9th Division moved into the village of Bakhira, also southwest of the city, the Ministry of Defense said.

The U.S.-led coalition has been providing close air support throughout the 4-month-old Mosul offensive and carried out nine airstrikes against IS near Mosul on Saturday, Central Command said. U.S. special operations forces are embedded with some Iraqi units, and thousands of American soldiers are in Iraq to provide logistical and other support.

"We are very close to it, if not already engaged in that fight," U.S. Defense Secretary Jim Mattis told reporters in Abu Dhabi. He declined to go into further detail, saying he owed "confidentiality" to the troops.

Citing witnesses in western Mosul, the United Nations said nearly half of all food shops were closed and bakeries had shut down for lack of fuel and an inability to purchase costly flour. Prices of kerosene and cooking gas have skyrocketed, and many of the most destitute families are burning wood, furniture, plastic or garbage for cooking and heating.

"The situation is distressing. People, right now, are in trouble," Lise Grande, the U.N. humanitarian coordinator for Iraq, said in a statement. "We are hearing reports of parents struggling to feed their children and to heat their homes."

Peter Hawkins, of the U.N. agency for children, said: "Three out of five people now depend on untreated water from wells for cooking and drinking as water systems and treatment plants have been damaged by fighting or run out of chlorine."

The humanitarian agencies were gearing up to aid 250,000 to 400,000 civilians who may flee because of the fighting, the statement said. The U.N. estimates 750,000 civilians may be left in western Mosul.

Lt. Gen. Stephen Townsend, a top U.S. commander in Iraq, said the Iraqi forces are an "increasingly capable, formidable and professional force."

"Mosul would be a tough fight for any army in the world, and the Iraqi forces have risen to the challenge," he said in a statement.

Iraqi forces drove IS from eastern Mosul last month, but the militants appear to have left behind sleeper cells to carry out attacks.

Brig. Gen. Yahya Rasool, an Iraqi military spokesman, said a suicide bomber struck a patrol of government-allied Sunni tribal fighters in the Zihoor neighborhood, while another targeted Iraqi troops in Nabi Younis. IS claimed responsibility for both attacks.

Rasool declined to provide casualty figures. Two policemen said one Sunni fighter was killed and nine were wounded in the first attack, while the second attack wounded five soldiers. They spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to release information.

Iraqi special operations forces, regular army and federal police units are taking part in the offensive along with government-approved paramilitary forces, mainly consisting of Shiite militias, which are operating on the city's outskirts.

Mosul fell to IS in the summer of 2014, along with large swaths of northern and western Iraq.

___

Associated Press writers Sinan Salaheddin and Qassim Abdul-Zahra in Baghdad, and Maamoun Youssef and Joseph Krauss in Cairo contributed to this report.


Updated : 2021-07-26 01:15 GMT+08:00