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Thousands in Britain helped to die illegally, research reveals

研究披露 數千名英國人被協助非法結束生命

Thousands in Britain helped to die illegally, research reveals

Nearly 3,000 patients (or eight people a day) were illegally helped to die in Britain in 2004, according to new research which claims to be the country's first authoritative study of euthanasia.

根據一項新研究顯示,英國在2004年,有近乎三千名病患(每天大約八人)在協助下結束生命,這是首次針對安樂死所進行的權威性的研究。

Just under half of one percent of the 585,000 deaths that year (or 2,865 cases ) were assisted by doctors, the study by Professor Clive Seale, from Brunel University, western England, suggested.

英格蘭西部布魯奈爾大學的克里夫.席爾教授所做的研究指出,五十八萬五千名去世者當中,有百分之零點五以下(兩千八百六十五人)經醫師協助而死亡。

An estimated one-third (or 192,000 ) had their deaths accelerated by doctors using pain relief in a procedure known as the "double effect."

估計有三分之一人(十九萬兩千人)在醫師使用止痛劑之下加速死亡,此種療程稱為「雙重效應」。

The figures, published in the medical journal Palliative Medicine, were extrapolated from responses to an anonymous survey of medics. A total of 857 general practitioners and hospital specialists responded.

這些數字被發表在醫學期刊「緩和醫學」上,從醫護人員的匿名調查中推斷而知。總共有八百五十七名醫療人員與醫院專科醫師接受調查。

Doctors described 0.16 percent of all deaths (or 936 cases ) as voluntary euthanasia. A further 0.33 percent (or 1,929 cases ) were said to be "ending life without an explicit request from the patient," or non-voluntary euthanasia.

醫師表示,去世的人中,有百分之零點一六的人(九百三十六人)自願接受安樂死;而有百分之零點三三的病人,“在沒有提出明確的要求之下(非自願性的安樂死)結束生命”。

These cases were said by Seale to involve patients very close to death who had previously indicated their wishes for euthanasia but were unable to give a specific instruction to doctors.

席爾表示,這些病例是先前表達安樂死意願但無法給予醫師明確指示的瀕臨死亡病人。

Both voluntary and non-voluntary euthanasia are illegal under British law.

根據英國法律,自願與非自願的安樂死都是違法的。


Updated : 2021-08-06 10:05 GMT+08:00