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2 Chinas, '1 China, 1 Taiwan,' Taiwan independence unconstitutional: Ma

2 Chinas, '1 China, 1 Taiwan,' Taiwan independence unconstitutional: Ma

Taipei, Nov. 9 (CNA) The Mainland Affairs Council (MAC) said Monday President Ma Ying-jeou (???) expressedly told Chinese President Xi Jinping in Singapore that the Republic of China's Constitution bans "two Chinas," "one China. one Taiwan," and "Taiwan independence." The MAC unveiled the full text of Ma's talks in his historic summit with Xi (???) held Nov.7 in Singapore to prove that Ma did indeed mention the latter part of the "1992 consensus" during the meeting -- that the two sides of the Taiwan Strait are free to interpret the meaning of "one China." Ma said that since 2008, the two sides have jointly built peace and stability across the strait, which has gained recognition from people on both sides and from the international community. This marks a milestone in the development of cross-strait ties and "resolving disputes through peaceful means" is the core concept, while "setting up an institutionalized mechanism for negotiations" is a concrete way to meet this end. Both sides should cherish the hard-earned and historic fruit, he said. Ma then put forth a five-point proposal to further expound on Taiwan's standing, according to the MAC. First, he said, the "1992 consensus" is the key foundation for building "perpetual peace and prosperity" across the strait. On Aug. 1, 1992, Taiwan's National Unification Council passed a resolution regarding "the meaning of one China." The resolution states that the "two sides of the strait should insist on the "one China" principle, with each side free to interpret what that means. The "1992 consensus" reads that "both sides of the strait should firmly uphold the 'one China' principle, which can be expressed by either side through oral statements." This is precisely the so-called "free interpretation of one China" according to the "1992 consensus," which we believe is totally irrelevant to "two Chinas," "one China, one Taiwan" or "Taiwan independence," all of which in any way are banned by the Republic of China Constitution. This standing is very clear and has been endorsed by a majority of Taiwan's people, Ma told Xi during the meeting . Second, he suggested that both sides lower the state of hostility across the strait and address disputes through peaceful means since they are no longer hostile toward each other. With Taiwan's abolition of the Temporary Provisions Effective During the Period of Communist Rebellion in 1991, the Chinese communists are no longer viewed as a "rebellious group," and the establishment of the Regulations Governing the Relations between the People of the Taiwan Area and the People of the Mainland Area in 1993 provides a legal basis for Taiwan to institutionalize cross-strait relations, while reducing the number of military personnel on the offshore islands of Kinmen and Matsu, as well as demilitarizing the Dadan and Erdan islets, Ma continued. Third, the two sides should enhance cross-strait exchanges and boost mutual benefits. The two sides need to resolve several issues quickly, including clinching a trade-in-goods agreement, opening representative offices on either side, and allowing Chinese passengers to transit via Taiwan for third destinations. Since the two sides have remained under separate rule over the past 66 years and have developed different political and economic systems and lifestyles, it will take time for the people on the two sides to conduct in-depth exchanges in all aspects and to boost mutual understanding. Fourth, a hotline should be set up between the chiefs of Taiwan's Mainland Affairs Council and China's Taiwan Affairs Office to deal with emergent and important matters. A higher level of hotline can be considered in the future, if necessary, to further facilitate the swift handling of key issues by the two sides. Fifth, the two sides should work together to rebuild a thriving Chinese nation. "Here I stress again that the people on both sides belong to the Chinese nation, having the same blood, history and culture," he said. "The purpose of our meeting today is to demonstrate to the rest of the world that cross-strait ties can be handled through cross-strait peace. Based on an institutionalized basis, cross-strait relations should continue to develop and grow," he added. All the complex issues left by history and those arising from the current exchanges can be resolved through negotiations, which will help the two sides face reality, boost mutual trust, and enjoy the fruits of improved relations, Ma said. (By Flor Wang)


Updated : 2021-09-21 06:16 GMT+08:00