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ROC encounters with the Communist Party of China: an overview

Taipei, Nov. 4 (CNA) President Ma Ying-joeu (???) will meet with China's President Xi Jinping (???) in Singapore on Nov. 7, the first direct contact between the leaders of the two sides in the 66 years since Taiwan and China split at the end of the Chinese civil war in 1949. The meeting was announced by the Presidential Office in Taipei late Tuesday evening and confirmed by China's Taiwan Affairs Office (TAO) on Wednesday. Ma will hold an international press conference on the event on Thursday. What follows is a brief overview of the relations between the Republic of China government and the Communist Party of China (CPC), which later became the Beijing regime, from 1945 to the present: After the end of World War II, Chairman of the Nationalist Government Chiang Kai-shek met with CPC Chairman Mao Zedong in the wartime capital Chongqing and signed an agreement on Oct. 10, 1945. Based on that agreement, representatives of the ruling Nationalist Party (KMT), the CPC and other political parties participated in the Political Consultative Conference (??????) in Chongqing on January 1946. They reached five resolutions on drafting a Constitution for the Republic of China (ROC), the organization of the government, political platforms, incorporation of the CPC's People's Liberation Army (PLA) into the ROC's armed forces, and a National Assembly. However, the ROC military and the PLA began exchanging fire in March and continued to do so until November 1946. The CPC also refused to send its representatives to take part in the National Assembly to draft a Constitution. The CPC and the ROC government formally split on March 1947 and a civil war broke out soon after. The Nationalist government drafted and passed the ROC Constitution and Chiang was elected president of the ROC in 1948. But in 1949, Chiang's government was defeated by the CPC and moved its seat of government to Taiwan. In a policy promulgated on Nov. 2, 1987, the ROC government, led by Chiang Kai-shek's son President Chiang Ching-kuo, agreed to allow mainlanders to go back to China for family reunions. In 1992, under the presidency of Lee Teng-hui, Taiwan's Straits Exchange Foundation (SEF) reached a verbal consensus with its Chinese counterpart, the Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Straits (ARATS), that there is only "one China, with each side free to express its respective interpretation." The following year, SEF Chairman Koo Chen-fu (???) and ARATS President Wang Daohan (???) met in Singapore April 27-29, which was the first meeting between Taipei and Beijing since 1949. In October of 1998, Koo and Wang met again in Shanghai and agreed to strengthen dialogue and continue negotiations. The ruling KMT lost the government in May 2000 to the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), which remained in power until May 2008. In April of 2005, KMT Chairman Lien Chan (??) met with CPC General Secretary Hu Jintao (???) in Beijing and they reached a five-point consensus that included restarting negotiations on the basis of the "1992 Consensus," promoting the end of hostilities and reaching a peaceful resolution. It was the first meeting between the leaders of the KMT and CPC since Chiang and Mao met in 1945. After Ma became president in May 2008, SEF Chairman Chiang Ping-kun (???) met with ARATS President Chen Yunlin (???) in Beijing in June of that year. Since then, there have been hundreds of direct flights between China and Taiwan every week and millions of Chinese tourists visiting Taiwan every year. The two sides signed an Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement in June 2010 and relevant negotiations on economic issues are still in progress. On February of 2014, head of the Mainland Affairs Council Wang Yu-chi (???) met with Zhang Zhijun (???), director of Beijing's TAO, in Nanjing, China. Since then, there have been three similar meetings between the leaders of the governmental agencies of both sides. The latest one was in October this year. (By Chou Hui-ying, Chen Chia-lun and Kuo Chung-han)


Updated : 2021-09-22 20:21 GMT+08:00