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Report details ROC efforts to raise awareness of its WWII role

Report details ROC efforts to raise awareness of its WWII role

Taipei, Oct. 27 (CNA) The Republic of China's biennial defense report, published Tuesday, described the country's attempts to increase public awareness of the part it played in the War of Resistance against Japan (1937-1945). In one section of the 204-page report, the Ministry of National Defense said that this year it crafted plans to promote defense education and organized a series of activities to mark the 70th anniversary of the end of the war against Japan, as part of its public awareness campaign. The commemorative events included memorial concerts in August, special exhibitions that chronicled the ROC military's efforts in the war, a military display in July, and an activity to honor ROC war veterans who helped safeguard the country, by issuing thousands of commemorative medals to them, according to the report. As part of its effort to promote defense education, the ministry plans to establish a national military museum in Taipei, dedicated to the development of the ROC military, the report said. The details of the ROC's efforts to raise awareness of its role in the war were among the new additions to the biennial defense report. Other new topics included the protection of human rights in the military and its efforts to protect Taiwanese fishermen, said ministry spokesman Maj. Gen. Luo Shou-he (???) at a news conference. The eight-year war against Japan that later became part of World War II was the bloodiest in the history of the Chinese people, costing the lives of about 23 million ROC civilians and soldiers, according to estimates. Over the past months, activities to commemorate the war have been held in Taiwan, which is known formally as the Republic of China. That was the name used for all of mainland China from 1912 to 1949, but the ROC's seat of government moved to Taipei after the Nationalist government was defeated by the Communists in the Chinese civil war and retreated to Taiwan. This year, Beijing also held commemorative events to trumpet the communist forces' role in the victory against Japan. The ROC defense report this year included sections on the threat posed by China's military power, the international strategic environment, and Taiwan's defense policies and military capabilities. On the issue of China's military threat, the report said that in recent years China has been upgrading several major weapon systems to complete preparations for a reliable fighting force that can attack Taiwan by 2020. Although China has said repeatedly that it hopes to solve disputes between the two sides of the Taiwan Strait through peaceful means, China continues to ramp up combat readiness, and its desire to take Taiwan by force has not changed despite the warming of cross-strait ties, according to the report. It said China has dramatically upgraded its early warning, command and control, battleground reconnaissance, airplane and vessel navigation, communications encryption and precise striking capability. In recent years, China has deployed amphibious assault vehicles, long-distance multiple rockets, long range anti-ship missiles, third-generation fighter jets and anti-air missiles, the report said. In addition, it said, China's Second Artillery Corps has continued to deploy missiles against Taiwan to complete preparations to establish a reliable fighting force. In view of China's threat, Taiwan's military has to step up its transformation of the country's defenses and upgrade its joint warfare capabilities, the report said. Taiwan's defense ministry will also continue to strengthen its defense posture and cruise operations in the Pratas Islands (Dongsha Islands) and Taiping, the largest island in the South China Sea, the report said. It said Taiwan's military will safeguard the sovereignty of the islands and marine rights, as well as the free navigation of the open sea. (By Elaine Hou)


Updated : 2021-09-21 07:31 GMT+08:00