Today is Friday, October 23, the 296th day of 2015. There are 69 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1596 - Turks under Mohammed III defeat Austrian Archduke Maximillian's forces near Erlau, Hungary.
1641 - Great Irish Massacre occurs after discovery of conspiracy against British.
1764 - Hector Munro's British forces defeat Nawab of Oudh at Buxar, Bengal.
1917 - U.S. troops see first action in World War I near Luneville, France.
1942 - British Eighth Army attacks Axis forces to begin Battle of El Alamein in Egypt during World War II.
1944 - Soviet Red Army enters Hungary.
1953 - Federal Constitution of Rhodesia and Nyasaland goes into effect.
1954 - Britain, France, United States and Soviet Union agree to end occupation of Germany.
1956 - Anti-Communist revolution breaks out in Hungary. It is crushed by a Soviet invasion on Nov. 4.
1958 - Soviet Union approves loan for Aswan Dam in Egypt.
1962 - Soviet Union warns that a U.S. blockade of arms shipments to Cuba may risk a thermonuclear war.
1969 - Laotian officials report that fresh North Vietnamese troops have reached the Plaine des Jarres and clashed with government troops on their border.
1973 - Israeli military command announces that Israel and Egypt have agreed to new cease-fire in Middle East war.
1983 - Suicide attackers blow up U.S. Marine headquarters building at Beirut Airport, Lebanon, and nearby French headquarters with bomb-laden trucks, killing 241 U.S. Marines and 58 Frenchmen.
1989 - Tens of thousands of Hungarians demand end to communism on anniversary of 1956 uprising.
1991 - The four warring factions in Cambodia sign a peace treaty in Paris paving the way for the return of refugees and democratic elections.
1993 - Irish Republican Army bomb kills 10 people in Belfast.
1995 - After a meeting in New York, Russian President Boris Yeltsin announces accord with U.S. President Bill Clinton that Russian troops would help enforce peace in Bosnia.
1996 - A historian reveals that the Swiss bank accounts of presumed Holocaust victims were used to settle Switzerland's postwar compensation disputes with Poland and Hungary.
1998 - Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat agree on a breakthrough land-for-peace West Bank accord after eight days of negotiations in the United States.
1999 - Illinois' George Ryan pays the first visit to communist Cuba by a U.S. governor since Fidel Castro's 1959 revolution.
2001 - Indonesia's parliament passes a bill granting the rebellious province of Irian Jaya sweeping autonomy, a greater share of resource revenues and a new name -- Papua.
2002 - British police detain Abu Qatada, a fugitive Muslim cleric who allegedly was an influential supporter of the al-Qaida terrorist network.
2005 - Hurricane Wilma punishes Mexico's Caribbean coastline for a second day, ripping away storefronts, peeling back roofs and forcing tourists and residents trapped in hotels and shelters to scramble to higher floors. At least seven people are killed.
2006 - Police in Hungary fire tear gas, rubber bullets and water cannons to disperse protesters in anti-government demonstrations coinciding with the nation's commemoration of the 50th anniversary of its uprising against Soviet rule.
2011 - Cries of panic and horror fill the air as a 7.2-magnitude earthquake strikes eastern Turkey, killing at least 138 people as buildings pancaked and crumpled into rubble. The death toll was expected to rise as rescuers sifted through the rubble and reached outlying villages.
2012 - U.S. oil output surges so fast that the United States could soon overtake Saudi Arabia as the world's biggest producer.
2013 -- German Chancellor Angela Merkel complains to President Barack Obama after learning that U.S. intelligence may have targeted her mobile phone.
2014 -- Mali reports its first case of Ebola, marking a major setback for West African efforts to contain the deadly virus that has now affected six countries in the region and left nearly 5,000 dead.
Louis Riel, Canadian rebel leader (1844-1885); Johnny Carson, former U.S. "Tonight Show" host (1925-2005); Pele, Brazilian soccer star (1940--); Michael Crichton, U.S. author (1942--2008); Ang Lee, Taiwanese film director (1954--); Weird Al Yankovic, U.S. musical parodist (1959--).
Thought for Today:
It is the characteristic of the most stringent censorships that they give credibility to the opinions they attack -- Voltaire, French author and philosopher (1694-1778).