Today is Sunday, October 25, the 298th day of 2015. There are 67 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1415 - The English defeat a vastly greater French force at the Battle of Agincourt.
1586 - Mary Queen of Scots, the focus of Catholic plots on the throne of England, is sentenced to death.
1616 - Dutch mariner Dirk Hartog discovers Australia.
1760 - Britain's King George III succeeds his late grandfather, George II.
1794 - Russia withdraws from war against France.
1812 - The U.S. frigate United States captures the British vessel Macedonian during the War of 1812.
1815 - Serb rebellion against Turkish rule begins, resulting in considerable autonomy for Serbs.
1854 - The British Light Brigade charges heroically near Sevastopol, Russia, during Crimean War.
1900 - Transvaal is annexed formally by Britain at Pretoria, South Africa.
1909 - Murder of Japan's Prince Ito by Korean fanatics leads to Japanese dictatorship in Korea.
1918 - The Canadian steamship Princess Sophia founders off the coast of Alaska; nearly 400 people perish.
1922 - Fascists march on Rome and the Italian king nominates Benito Mussolini as prime minister.
1936 - Germany and Italy form Rome-Berlin Axis.
1938 - Japanese troops take Hankow, and Chinese government establishes itself at Chungking; Libya is declared part of Italy.
1941 - Germany's first offensive against Moscow in World War II fails.
1956 - Egypt, Jordan and Syria form a unified military command.
1962 - U.S. ambassador Adlai E. Stevenson presents photographic evidence of Soviet missile bases in Cuba to the U.N. Security Council.
1966 - Indonesia's former Foreign Minister Subandrio is sentenced to death after right-wing military generals Suharto and Nasution stage a coup and wrest power from Sukarno.
1971 - The U.N. General Assembly votes to admit mainland China and expel Taiwan.
1983 - U.S. Marines and Rangers, assisted by soldiers from six Caribbean nations, invade Grenada at the order of U.S. President Ronald Reagan, who says the action is needed to protect U.S. citizens there.
1989 - Soviet State Bank announces the ruble will be devalued by nearly 90 percent for visiting foreigners.
1991 - About 90 anti-apartheid movements, claiming to represent more than 15 million South Africans, establish a "patriotic united front" to press for black majority rule.
1996 - The fundamentalist Islamic Taliban militia claim to capture another Afghanistan province, their first advance since seizing the capital, Kabul, a month earlier.
2003 - Russia's Federal Security Service arrests billionaire Mikhail Khodorkovsky, chief executive officer of top-ranked Russian oil conglomerate OAO Yukos.
2006 - The Australian government pledges funding for two projects as part of its new strategy to combat global warming, including the construction of the world's largest solar power plant.
2008 - Egypt's first female marriage registrar starts work despite complaints by some conservative clerics that the move is against Islam.
2009 - A pair of suicide car bombings devastate the heart of Iraq's capital, killing at least 147 people in the country's deadliest attack in more than two years.
2010 - Afghan President Hamid Karzai acknowledges that he receives millions of dollars in cash from Iran, adding that Washington gives him "bags of money" too because his office lacks funds.
2011 - Distraught Turkish families mourn outside a mosque or seek to identify loved ones among rows of bodies as rescue workers scour debris for survivors after a 7.2-magnitude quake that killed at least 279 people in the eastern part of the country near the Iranian border.
2013 -- Egypt's most popular satirist , famed for mercilessly skewering the former Islamist president on his weekly program, dives headfirst back into stormy politics after four months off the air amid the turmoil surrounding the country's coup.
2014 -- Fighters from the Islamic State group launch a new offensive on the northern Syrian town of Kobani.
Thomas B. Macauley, British historian (1800-1859); Georges Bizet, French composer (1838-1875); Pablo Picasso, Spanish painter and sculptor (1881-1973); Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd, American polar explorer (1888-1957); former King Michael of Romania (1925-- ); Helen Reddy, American singer (1941--); Mathieu Amalric, French actor (1965--).
Thought for Today:
It is an undoubted truth that the less one has to do, the less time one finds to do it in -- Lord Chesterfield, English author and statesman (1694-1773).