Alexa
  • Directory of Taiwan

President urges China to treat veterans who fought against Japan well

President urges China to treat veterans who fought against Japan well

Taipei, Sept. 9 (CNA) President Ma Ying-jeou (???) urged Beijing Wednesday to give good treatment to veterans who fought in the War of Resistance against Japan (1937-1945) and have remained in China since the end of the Chinese civil war in 1949. In a speech before touring an exhibition at the Armed Forces Museum in commemoration of the 70th anniversary of the Republic of China's victory in the war, he noted the story of one ROC soldier loyal to the Kuomintang who fought in the war but was mistreated by Beijing in the 1960s because of his participation in the Chinese civil war. Chao Chen-ying (???) fought against the communists in the Chinese civil war of 1945-1949 but he decided to remain in China and take an entrance exam to university after the end of the war, Ma said.
That is why Chao did not come to Taiwan along with the KMT government in 1949, he added. In 1969, Chao was arrested and put behind bars to serve a 20-year term for his actions against the communist forces, Ma said. He was released in the 1980s and has since suffered mental illness, the president said, adding that he was saddened by Chao's story. These old soldiers made great efforts in the war against Japan and contributed to the ROC's victory, but they received poor treatment because they also fought against the communist forces during the Chinese civil war, Ma said. "We have to speak up for them," Ma said. "We call on mainland China to give decent treatment to the veterans who fought in the war of resistance against Japan so that they can be honored and safe in their later years." During his speech, Ma also talked about the importance of the ROC's victory over Japan in the eight-year war for Taiwan's retrocession in 1945, holding copies of historical documents such as the Treaty of Shimonoseki and the instrument of Japanese surrender. In the Treaty of Shimonoseki, Taiwan was ceded to Japan. It was a colony of Japan from 1895-1945. The president said the instrument of Japanese surrender was important for Taiwan. In 1943, the ROC, the United States and the United Kingdom jointly announced the Cairo Declaration, which said that all "the territories Japan has stolen from the Chinese, such as Manchuria, Formosa, and the Pescadores, shall be restored to the Republic of China." The Cairo Declaration is also cited in the Potsdam Declaration of 1945. Japan accepted the Potsdam terms and agreed to unconditional surrender in a letter of surrender later that year. After that, Taiwan was returned to the ROC government, along with other territories, Ma said. The exhibition showcases an array of historical documents, photos and artifacts relating to the war against Japan, which later became part of World War II and was recorded as the bloodiest war ever fought in China, leaving about 23 million Chinese civilians and soldiers dead. As part of Taiwan's commemoration of the end of the war, the exhibition will run through Nov. 28 at the Armed Forces Museum in downtown Taipei. In 1937, the Communist Party of China and the KMT agreed to cooperate to defend China against Japanese invasion, although that cooperation was often cursory at best. The ROC government fled to Taiwan in 1949 after losing to the Chinese communist forces in a civil war. (By Elaine Hou)


Updated : 2021-09-18 22:34 GMT+08:00