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Diaries of ROC war heroes reveal historical facts: Academia Historica

Diaries of ROC war heroes reveal historical facts: Academia Historica

Taipei, Sept. 3 (CNA) The publication of the diaries of three heroes in the War of Resistance against Japan (1937-1945) has helped reveal historical facts about the Republic of China military's efforts and courage during the war, according to Academia Historica. As part of Taiwan's commemoration of the 70th anniversary of the end of the war, Academia Historica compiled a publication of the diaries of ROC officers Hu Tsung-nan (???), Chi Hsing-wen (???) and Chen Cheng (??), which provides information about significant battles and military deployments and intelligence during that period of history. During the war, Hu was stationed for a long time in the northwestern Chinese province of Shaanxi (??), as part of a deployment that many people thought was meant to safeguard the area from the influence of the Chinese communist forces, Academia Historica said. It said Hu's diaries, however, indicate that it was more an effort to defend Chongqing (??), China's wartime capital, and other northwestern parts of China against Japanese forces. Hu's diaries also chronicle several political and military events during the war, it said. Referring to the information in Chi's diaries, Academia Historica said he was the commander of a military unit stationed in Beijing at the time of the Marco Polo Bridge Incident on July 7, 1937, which marked the start of the war against Japan. Although Chi was injured twice during the battle, he insisted on remaining on the frontlines for three weeks, Academia Historica said. It said Chi's resistance at the bridge helped pave the way for the ROC's victory over Japan and the retrocession of Taiwan from Japan's colonization. Chen Cheng, one of the prominent ROC military commanders during the war against Japan, also recorded in his diary many of his orders and military deployments, which makes the diary an important historical account, Academia Historica said. The publication of the diaries, which chronicles events in the period 1937-1945, came amid China's alleged exaggeration of its role in the war. The ROC government has maintained that the communists played only a minor role in China's war effort, which it said was led by the Kuomintang government at the time. In 1937, the Communist Party of China and the KMT agreed to cooperate to defend China against Japanese invasion, although that cooperation was often cursory at best. The ROC government fled to Taiwan in 1949 after losing to the Chinese communist forces in a civil war. (By Wang Chen-chung and Elaine Hou)


Updated : 2021-09-26 23:51 GMT+08:00