Today is Thursday, July 2, the 183rd day of 2015. There are 182 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1502 - Conflict between French and Spanish over partition of Naples breaks out in open warfare in Italy.
1644 - British Royalists suffer their first major defeat against the Parliamentarians under Oliver Cromwell at Marston Moor.
1657 - Denmark attacks Sweden, already at war with Russia, Poland and Austria, but suffers a humiliating defeat the same winter.
1776 - The Continental Congress declares American independence.
1777 - Vermont became the first American colony to abolish slavery.
1860 - Russians found Vladivostok near Korean border.
1890 - Brussels Act is passed by international conference to eradicate African slave trade and liquor traffic with primitive peoples.
1900 - Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin flies his first airship in Germany.
1937 - U.S. aviator Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan disappear during an attempt to cross the Pacific.
1940 - French government moves to Vichy during World War II.
1947 - An object crashes near Roswell in the U.S. state of New Mexico. Military authorities first say it was an alien spacecraft and later say it was a weather balloon.
1954 - France evacuates southern part of Red River Delta in Indochina as part of the Final Declaration of the Geneva Conference signed by French, Vietnamese, Laotian and Cambodian representatives.
1964 - A century after the Civil War was fought, U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act against racial discrimination.
1966 - France explodes an atomic bomb at a Pacific atoll in first of series of six tests.
1976 - North and South Vietnam are reunited officially after more than 20 years of war.
1989 - Tourists return to Tiananmen Square in China after military crackdown on pro-democracy movement.
1990 - A stampede in a pedestrian tunnel linking Mecca and a tent city leaves 1,400 pilgrims dead of suffocation or trampling.
1993 - A floating shrine sinks in Bocaue, Philippines, killing 315 worshippers during an annual nine-day religious festival.
1994 - Colombian soccer player Andres Escobar is slain in Medellin for accidentally scoring a goal against his own team during a World Cup game against the United States.
1997 - A supertanker hits a reef in Tokyo Bay, spilling 13,400 tons of crude oil, making it the worst oil disaster in Japanese history.
1998 - After talks with new ruler Gen. Abdulsalam Abubakar, U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan says all political prisoners will be released in Nigeria.
2002 - U.S. millionaire adventurer Steve Fossett becomes the first person to circumnavigate the world solo in a balloon.
2005 - Kurdish guerrillas, intensify their attacks on Turkish targets, derailing two trains by remote-controlled bombs, killing five railway security guards and injuring 20 people.
2009 - French investigators say Air France Flight 447 slammed into the Atlantic Ocean, intact and belly first, at such a high speed that the 228 people aboard probably had no time to even inflate their life jackets.
2011 - Serbia and Kosovo strike deals on several practical issues that will make life easier for citizens -- the first accords between the two countries since Kosovo declared independence in 2008.
2013 -- Insurgents unleash a new wave of violence in Iraq, killing at least 49 people, raising concerns over a return to sectarian bloodshed.
2014 -- The Palestinians accuse Israeli extremists of abducting and killing an Arab teenager and burning his body, sparking clases in east Jerusalem and drawing charges the youth was murdered to avenge the killing of three kidnapped Israeli teens.
Christoph Willibald von Gluck, German composer (1714-1787); Sir William Bragg, British scientist and Nobel laureate (1862-1942); Herman Hesse, German writer and Nobel laureate (1877-1962); Wislawa Szymborska, Polish poet and Nobel laureate (1923-2012); Larry David, U.S. writer/director (1947--); Jerry Hall, U.S. model/actress (1956--); Lindsay Lohan, U.S. actress (1986--).
Thought For Today:
The soul has more diseases than the body -- Henry Wheeler Shaw, U.S. author (1818-1885).