Today is Friday, June 19, the 170th day of 2015. There are 195 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1522 - Holy Roman Emperor Charles V visits England and signs Treaty of Windsor with King Henry VIII, calling for invasion of France.
1586 - Under threat from Indians, colonists sail from Roanoke Island, North Carolina, ending first settlement by English in America.
1819 - U.S. ship Savannah arrives in Liverpool, England, marking the first Atlantic crossing by a steamship.
1821 - Turkish forces defeat Greek rebels at Dragashan, Turkey.
1862 - U.S. Congress prohibits slavery in U.S. territories.
1867 - Mexican Emperor Maximilian I is executed by firing squad on the orders of President Benito Juarez.
1885 - Statue of Liberty arrives in New York City from France.
1908 - The ship Kasato Maru arrives in Santos with 168 Japanese families, beginning Japanese immigration to Brazil.
1944 - U.S. troops take Saipan Island in Pacific from Japanese during World War II.
1953 - Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, convicted of nuclear espionage for the Soviet Union, are executed in the United States.
1961 - Kuwait becomes independent of Britain.
1975 - U.N. Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim opens first major world conference on status of women, in Mexico City.
1987 - Explosion in Barcelona department store garage kills 12 people and injures 31. Basque separatists claim responsibility.
1995 - Chechen rebels free 1,500 hostages and leave the hospital in Budyonnovsk, where they holed up for six days, after Moscow agrees to a cease-fire and new peace talks for Chechnya.
1996 - Rearmed Contra rebels kidnap 35 election officials in Nicaragua and demand the withdrawal of army and police from the area. The hostages are released two days later.
2000 - British officials find 58 bodies in a truck container in an English port. Eight men are later convicted in the deaths of the Chinese migrants, who suffocated during the trip from Belgium.
2001 - A U.N. fuel barge sails into Kisangani reopening the Congo River after war severed the African nation's most important transportation route in 1998.
2002 - Villages across Rwanda begin convening traditional gacaca, or "grass" courts, to try suspects in the country's 1994 genocide. More than 100,000 people await trial, more than the legal system can handle.
2004 - Saudi Arabia announces that it has killed Abdulaziz al-Moqrin, considered the leader of al-Qaida in Saudi Arabia, and three other militants in a clash with security forces in Riyadh.
2006 - The United Nations inaugurates its new Human Rights Council, vowing to uphold the highest standards of human rights and erase the tarnished image of its predecessor despite lingering doubts about its effectiveness.
2007 - A car bomb strikes near the revered Shiite Khillani mosque in Baghdad, killing at least 78 people and wounding more than 200, the same day about 10,000 U.S. soldiers launch an offensive against al-Qaida in Iraq northeast of Baghdad, killing at least 22 insurgents.
2009 -- The Vatican condemns as 'unjustified and inopportune" a claim by a church official that pressure from Jewish organizations is delaying the beatification of Pope Pius XII, the wartime pontiff who critics say did not do enough to stop the Holocaust.
2011 -- Libya's government says NATO warplanes struck a residential neighborhood in the capital and killed nine civilians, including two children. Hours later, NATO confirms one of its airstrikes went astray.
2012 -- The dispute over the Falklands Islands reaches the G-20 summit when the leaders of Britain and Argentina have an uncomfortable exchange on the conference's sidelines.
2014 -- President Barack Obama says he is sending 300 military adviser to Iraq to help quell the rising insurgency, inching back into a fight he tried to leave.
Blaise Pascal, French mathematician and philosopher (1623-1662); Lou Gehrig, U.S. baseball player (1903-1941); Aung San Suu Kyi, Myanmar opposition leader/Nobel peace prize winner (1945--); Salman Rushdie, Anglo-Indian writer (1947--); Phylicia Rashad, U.S. actress (1948--); Kathleen Turner, U.S. actress (1954--); Paula Abdul, U.S. singer/dancer (1962--).
Thought For Today:
One has two duties -- to be worried and not to be worried -- E.M. Forster, British author (1879-1970).