Today is Wednesday, June 3, the 154th day of 2015. There are 211 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1621 - Dutch West India Company receives a charter for New Netherland -- covering parts of what is now New York and nearby states.
1818 - The British annex the territories of the Marathas, completing British supremacy in India.
1896 - Treaty is signed in Moscow whereby China and Russia form defensive alliance for 15 years, and China grants Russia right to operate railway in northern Manchuria.
1917 - Albanian independence under Italian protection is proclaimed.
1937 - Britain's Duke of Windsor, formerly Edward VIII, marries American Wallis Simpson in France after abdicating the throne in December.
1942 - Japanese planes raid Dutch Harbor, Alaska, in World War II.
1959 - Singapore introduces self-government .
1963 - Pope John XXIII dies at age 81, ending a papacy marked by innovative reforms in the Roman Catholic Church. He is succeeded by Pope Paul VI.
1965 - Astronaut Edward White becomes the first American to "walk" in space, during the flight of Gemini 4.
1968 - Pop artist Andy Warhol is shot and critically wounded in his New York film studio by Valerie Solanas, an actress and self-styled feminist.
1969 - Australian aircraft carrier Melbourne collides with the US destroyer Harold E. Evans in the South China Sea, resulting in the deaths of 74 Americans.
1973 - Soviet supersonic airliner crashes during international air show near Paris, killing the six crewmen and seven French villagers.
1976 - Bolivia's former President Juan Jose Torres is found murdered in Argentina.
1981 - Pope John Paul II leaves a Rome hospital and returns to the Vatican three weeks after an attempt on his life.
1984 - Punjab comes under virtual martial law as troops seal off India's troubled state and prepare to flush out Sikh terrorists from the Golden Temple in Amritsar.
1989 - Chinese troops storm Tiananmen Square, killing hundreds of pro-democracy demonstrators.
1995 - European and NATO defense ministers agree to form a rapid deployment force in Bosnia to bolster U.N. troops against attacks by Serb fighters.
1999 - President Slobodan Milosevic of Yugoslavia caves in to Western demands to accept allied troops in Kosovo, withdraw his forces and reverse mass expulsions of ethnic Albanians.
2000 - Archaeologists announce they have found the 2,500-year-old ruins of three Pharaonic cities in the Mediterranean seabed that were previously known only through Greek tragedies, travelogues and legends.
2003 - The British House of Commons launches an inquiry into Britain's use of intelligence information to justify its participation in the U.S.-led war against Iraq.
2005 - A Belfast man is charged with murder in the knifing of a Catholic man outside a pub earlier in the year, the first breakthrough in an Irish Republican Army-linked case that had overshadowed Northern Ireland's peace process.
2006 - Montenegro's parliament declares independence, splitting from Serbia and dissolving what is left of the former Yugoslavia.
2011 -- Yemen's President Ali Abdullah Saleh is wounded when rebellious tribesmen strike his palace with rockets, targeting him for the first time in a dramatic escalation of fighting that has pushed Yemen toward civil war.
2012 -- The River Thames becomes a royal highway as Queen Elizabeth II leads a motley but majestic flotilla of more than 1,000 vessels in a waterborne pageant to mark her Diamond Jubilee.
2013 -- Turning the screw on Iran and its nuclear program, the United States imposes new sanctions on Iran's currency and auto industry, seeking to render Iranian money useless outside the country and to cut off the regime from critical revenue sources.
2014 -- President Barack Obama pledges to boost U.S. military deployment and exercises throughout Europe to demonstrate American solidarity with a continent rattled by Russia's intervention in Ukraine.
Henry James, U.S. philosopher (1811-1882); Sir William F. Petrie, English archaeologist (1853-1942); Josephine Baker, U.S. dancer (1906-1975); Alain Resnais, French director (1922-2014); Colleen Dewhurst, U.S. actress (1924-1991); Allen Ginsberg, U.S. poet (1926-1997); Tony Curtis, U.S. actor (1925-2010); Larry McMurtry, U.S. author (1936--); Anderson Cooper, U.S. television news anchor (1967--).
Thought For Today:
What is history but a fable agreed upon? -- attributed to Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821).