Kenya's President Uhuru Kenyatta received a long-awaited Truth Justice and Reconciliation Commission report that says his father, the country's first president, presided over a government that was responsible for numerous gross human rights violations, political assassinations and illegal allocation of land.
The report, released late Tuesday, finds that Kenya's next two presidents, Daniel Arap Moi and Mwai Kibaki, who succeeded founding father, the late Jomo Kenyatta, headed governments that were responsible for massacres, economic crimes and grand corruption, among other violations.
Kenya's state security agencies, particularly the police and army, have been the main perpetrators of human rights violations, including massacres, enforced disappearances, torture and sexual violence, the report said.
Kenya's Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission was formed as part of a reform process to prevent a repeat of the 2007-2008 post-election violence in which more than 1,000 people were killed.
A 2008 government commission found historical injustices such as unequal land distribution were partly responsible for the violence.
The new report reinforced the findings of the 2008 inquiry into the post-election violence, saying that historical grievances over land constitute the single most important driver of conflicts and ethnic tension in Kenya.
The country's first president, Jomo Kenyatta, who held office from 1963 to 1978, ran a government that failed to remove the repressive state structures established by the British colonial government and used those laws to perpetrate human rights violations, according to the report.
"The Commission finds that in most cases, the state has covered-up or down-played violations committed especially by state security agencies," the report says.
Human rights were further violated by the creation of the one-party state by the Moi administration resulting in severe repression of political dissent and intimidation and control of the media. The commission report also blames the media for allowing many violations to occur with little public scrutiny.