Russia's defense minister called for an immediate cease-fire in Libya Tuesday, telling United States Defense Secretary Robert Gates it is the best way to avoid civilian casualties.
Speaking after meeting Anatoly Serdyukov, Gates responded that the coalition is already "going to great lengths" to avoid civilian deaths, and charged that Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi is lying about claims of casualties. Gates also insisted that significant military fighting would recede in the next few days once Libya's air defenses are taken out.
The Libyan military assault has become a point of contention for the Russians, even triggering a rare dispute between the country's top two leaders, President Dmitry Medvedev and Prime Minister Vladimir Putin. It was unclear Tuesday what impact that may have on the ongoing military action, but the explosive issue further complicated Gates' meetings with Russian leaders who are already at odds with the U.S. over plans for a missile defense system in Europe.
Gates wondered aloud about why the Russian believe that so many civilians are being killed.
"I'm a little curious frankly about the tone that has been taken," Gates told reporters traveling with him shortly after his meeting with Serdyukov at the Russian Defense Ministry. "It's perfectly evident that the vast majority, if not nearly all, of the civilian casualties have been inflicted by Gadhafi."
He said most of the targets have been in isolated, unpopulated areas, adding that "it's almost as though some people here are taking at face value Gadhafi's claims about the number of civilian casualties _ which as far as I'm concerned are just outright lies."
Gates met with Serdyukov before a scheduled session with Medvedev. But he was not expected to see Putin, who is out of the country. On Monday, Putin railed against the strikes on Libya, likening them to "a medieval call for a crusade."
Putin appeared to link the Libya action to the ongoing debate between the U.S. and Russia over the planned European missile defense shield, suggesting that it proved Russia is correct to heighten its own defenses.
Medvedev, however, issued a rare rebuke of Putin's statements, saying that using an expression like crusades is unacceptable. And he defended Russia's move to abstain last week on the U.N. Security Council resolution authorizing military action in Libya, saying the U.N. move was a legitimate response to Gadhafi's "crimes against his own people."
Standing next to Gates at the end of their meeting, Serdyukov tiptoed carefully through the subject, saying through an interpreter that Russia backs the U.N. resolution, but it envisions only measures to protect civilians.
Unfortunately, he said, there have been "real hostilities" that are "destroying civilian facilities and killing civilians," and that should not be allowed to happen. An immediate cease-fire, he said, is the surest way to gain the security of the civilians.
"I think he threaded his way pretty well" between Medvedev and Putin, Gates told reporters afterward. "It sounded to me like his comments were closer to President Medvedev."
Russia's abstention on the resolution essentially allowed the military action to go forward. But as the coalition pounded Libyan air defenses and military arms for the third day, it was unclear whether Putin's protest was public posturing or if it actually signaled remorse about the vote.
Meanwhile, even as the U.S. vows to relinquish the lead in the Libyan operation, there was discord in Europe over whether it should be turned over to NATO. U.S. officials, including Gates, have said the U.S. expects to hand over leadership, either to NATO or to the British and French, in a matter of days.
Gates said Tuesday that he still believes the transition will go forward within a few days, and that diplomacy was moving along. Transferring control of the mission is complicated, he said.
"We haven't done something like this, kind of on the fly before," Gates said. "So it's not surprising to me that it would take a few days to get it sorted out."
Turkey blocked NATO's participation in the operation, while Italy issued a veiled threat to withdraw the use of its bases unless the alliance is put in charge.