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Friday, January 7

Friday, January 7

Today is Friday, Jan. Jan. 7, the 7th day of 2011. There are 358 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1537 - Alessandro de Medici is assassinated and Cosimo de Medici succeeds him in Florence.
1558 - French capture Calais from the British.
1610 - The astronomer Galileo Galilei sees four of Jupiter's moons.
1761 - Afghans defeat Mahrattas at Paniput in India.
1782 - The first commercial American bank, the Bank of North America, opens.
1789 - The first U.S. presidential election is held. Americans vote for electors who, a month later, choose George Washington to be the first president.
1807 - Britain declares blockade of coasts of France and Napoleon Bonaparte's allies.
1913 - A cracking process to obtain gasoline from crude oil is patented in the United States.
1927 - Commercial trans-Atlantic telephone service is inaugurated between New York and London.
1942 - Japan begins successful siege of Bataan Peninsula during World War II, routing American and Philippine troops.
1953 - U.S. President Harry Truman announces that United States has developed the hydrogen bomb.
1959 - The United States recognizes Fidel Castro's Cuban government.
1961 - African heads of state issue African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights at Casablanca.
1967 - Fighting is reported between Chinese Red Guards and workers in Nanking.
1968 - Government of Lebanon resigns after Israeli commando raid at Beirut airport; the Surveyor 7 space probe makes a soft landing on the moon, marking the end of the American series of unmanned explorations of the lunar surface.
1972 - India resists U.S. pressure and grants full diplomatic recognition to China.
1973 - Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos suspends scheduled plebiscite on new constitution, saying his country is slipping back into subversion and corruption.
1979 - Vietnamese forces capture the Cambodian capital of Phnom Penh, overthrowing the Khmer Rouge government.
1987 - Lebanon's former President Camille Chamoun suffers minor wounds when remote-controlled car bomb explodes near his bulletproof car.
1990 - Thousands of Romanians demonstrate nationwide to protest the number of ex-Communists in the interim government.
1991 - Coup attempt in Haiti by former leader of paramilitary organization Tontons Macoute, Roger Lafontant, fails.
1992 - Yugoslav military shoots down European Union helicopter, killing five truce observers.
1993 - U.S. forces in Mogadishu, Somalia, unleash a barrage of tank, helicopter and rocket fire on two bases where snipers were firing.
1994 - About 750,000 gallons (2.8 million liters) of heating oil blacken beaches on Puerto Rico when a barge runs aground.
1996 - A bomb rips through a city bus in the southern Pakistani port city of Karachi, killing at least eight people and injuring 35.
1997 - In Algiers, Algeria, a car bomb explodes in a bustling shopping district, killing at least 13 people and wounding 100 others.
1998 - The Canadian government formally apologizes to the country's indigenous people for 150 years of oppression and establishes a "healing" fund.
1999 - The U.S. Senate opens the impeachment trial of President Bill Clinton, the first such trial in 130 years.
2000 - An exhausted 14-year-old Tibetan Buddhist leader reaches India after trekking across the snowy Himalayas after defecting from Chinese-ruled Tibet.
2001 - A general practitioner in Manchester, England, may have killed more than 200 patients over almost 24 years, a clinical study of Dr. Harold Shipman's medical practice shows. He is sentenced to life in prison for the deaths of 15 patients.
2003 - A Congo military court sentences 26 defendants to death for the January 2001 assassination of President Laurent Kabila, who was shot by a bodyguard in the presidential palace.
2006 - The Brazilian commander of U.N. peacekeepers in Haiti is found dead after shooting himself in the head _ a blow to the 9,000-strong force and efforts to restore democracy in Haiti.
2007 - Warsaw Archbishop Stanislaw Wielgus abruptly resigns over revelations that he cooperated with Poland's hated communist-era secret police, shaking a widely held belief that the church acted as a courageous opponent of communism.
2008 - Australia battles fires and flooding after days of summer heat and storms. The flooding is some of the worst the country has seen in decades.
2009 - Russia shuts off all its gas supplies to Europe through Ukraine.
2010 - Yemen provids the most comprehensive account yet of contacts between al-Qaida and the Nigerian accused of trying to blow up a U.S. airliner, saying he may have met with a radical U.S.-born cleric who previously had contact with the alleged shooter at a U.S. Army base in Texas.
Today's Birthdays:
Pope Gregory XIII (Ugo Buoncompagno) (1502-1585); James Harrington, English political author (1611-1677); Robert Anderson, Scottish author (1750-1830); Zora Neale Hurston, American writer (1903-1960); Jean-Pierre Rampal, French flutist (1922-2000); David Caruso, U.S. actor (1956--); Nicolas Cage, U.S. actor (1964--); Katie Couric, news anchor (1957--).
Thought for Today:
Whether women are better than men I cannot say _ but I can say they are certainly no worse _ Golda Meir, Israeli prime minister (1898-1978).


Updated : 2021-04-21 01:59 GMT+08:00