Premier Silvio Berlusconi's office is promising that trash will be cleared from Naples' streets soon.
Berlusconi adviser Gianni Letta received the commitment to remove the garbage after meeting with city and regional officials.
The premier's office said in a statement that a meeting will be held next week in Rome to seek structural solutions to the persistent problem.
EU inspectors say no progress has been made in a long-term system to sort and recycle trash in the two years since Berlusconi intervened to ease another trash emergency.
The ongoing garbage crises in Naples and nearby towns are the result of corruption, poor management and infiltration by the local mob.