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NKorea backs away from threat to attack South

 A South Korean resident enters a shelter on Yeonpyeong island, South Korea, Monday morning, Dec. 20, 2010. South Korean troops will conduct firing dr...
 South Korean President Lee Myung-bak delivers a speech during a meeting about a duties report on Ministry of Public Administration and Security at th...
 South Korean residents check their gas masks at a shelter on Yeonpyeong Island, South Korea, Monday morning, Dec. 20, 2010. South Korea said it was g...
 Fog cover houses destroyed by last month's North Korean artillery shelling on Yeonpyeong island, South Korea, Monday morning, Dec. 20, 2010.  A U.S. ...
 An unidentified South Korean elderly man wearing a gas mask takes shelter on Yeonpyeong Island, South Korea, Monday, Dec. 20, 2010. South Korea said ...
 South Korean Marines patrol along the coast on Yeonpyeong island,  South Korea, early onday, Dec. 20, 2010.  A U.S. governor visiting North Korea cal...
 South Korean Marines check the identity of a resident in front of a shelter on Yeonpyeong Island,  South Korea, Monday morning, Dec. 20, 2010. South ...
 South Korean Marines stand guard as they wait their fellow soldiers to return to their base after patrol on Yeonpyeong island, South Korea, early Mon...
 South Korean protesters shout slogans during a rally denouncing the South Korea's live-fire drills on Yeonpyeong Island, in front of Defense Ministry...
 South Korean protesters hold anti-war signs during a rally denoucing the South Korea's live-fire drills on Yeonpyeong Island, in front of Defense Min...
 The wreckage of a vehicle destroyed by last month's North Korean artillery shelling remains on Yeonpyeong island, South Korea, early Monday, Dec. 20,...
 South Korean residents take at a shelter on Yeonpyeong Island,  South Korea, Monday, Dec. 20, 2010. South Korea said it was going forward Monday with...
 South Korean Marines patrol along the coast on Yeonpyeong island,  South Korea, early Monday, Dec. 20, 2010.  A U.S. governor visiting North Korea ca...
 South Korean residents take a shelter on Yeonpyeong Island, South Korea, Monday, Dec. 20, 2010. South Korea said it was going forward Monday with liv...
 CORRECT DATE - South Korean Marines patrol along the coast on Yeonpyeong island,  South Korea, Monday, Dec. 20, 2010.  A U.S. governor visiting North...
 A journalist walks by houses destroyed by last month's North Korean artillery shelling on Yeonpyeong island, South Korea, early Monday, Dec. 20, 2010...
 A South Korean elderly woman watches a live TV breaking news about South Korea's live fire artillery at Seoul train station in Seoul, South Korea, Mo...
 South Koreans watch a live TV breaking news about South Korea's live fire artillery drill at Seoul train station in Seoul, South Korea, Monday, Dec. ...
 A South Korean man reacts as he watches a live TV breaking news about South Korea's live fire artillery drill at Seoul train station in Seoul, South ...
 In this Thursday, June 18, 2009 photo, South Korean K-9 self-propelled gun howitzers fire during a military drill against possible attack from North ...
 In this Feb. 2010 photo, South Korea's K-9 self-propelled guns fire during a military exercise in Yanggu, north of Seoul, South Korea.   South Korea ...

South Korea Koreas Clash

A South Korean resident enters a shelter on Yeonpyeong island, South Korea, Monday morning, Dec. 20, 2010. South Korean troops will conduct firing dr...

South Korea Koreas Clash

South Korean President Lee Myung-bak delivers a speech during a meeting about a duties report on Ministry of Public Administration and Security at th...

South Korea Koreas Clash

South Korean residents check their gas masks at a shelter on Yeonpyeong Island, South Korea, Monday morning, Dec. 20, 2010. South Korea said it was g...

South Korea Koreas Clash

Fog cover houses destroyed by last month's North Korean artillery shelling on Yeonpyeong island, South Korea, Monday morning, Dec. 20, 2010. A U.S. ...

South Korea Koreas Clash

An unidentified South Korean elderly man wearing a gas mask takes shelter on Yeonpyeong Island, South Korea, Monday, Dec. 20, 2010. South Korea said ...

South Korea Koreas Clash

South Korean Marines patrol along the coast on Yeonpyeong island, South Korea, early onday, Dec. 20, 2010. A U.S. governor visiting North Korea cal...

South Korea Koreas Clash

South Korean Marines check the identity of a resident in front of a shelter on Yeonpyeong Island, South Korea, Monday morning, Dec. 20, 2010. South ...

South Korea Koreas Clash

South Korean Marines stand guard as they wait their fellow soldiers to return to their base after patrol on Yeonpyeong island, South Korea, early Mon...

South Korea Koreas Clash

South Korean protesters shout slogans during a rally denouncing the South Korea's live-fire drills on Yeonpyeong Island, in front of Defense Ministry...

South Korea Koreas Clash

South Korean protesters hold anti-war signs during a rally denoucing the South Korea's live-fire drills on Yeonpyeong Island, in front of Defense Min...

South Korea Koreas Clash

The wreckage of a vehicle destroyed by last month's North Korean artillery shelling remains on Yeonpyeong island, South Korea, early Monday, Dec. 20,...

South Korea Koreas Clash

South Korean residents take at a shelter on Yeonpyeong Island, South Korea, Monday, Dec. 20, 2010. South Korea said it was going forward Monday with...

South Korea Koreas Clash

South Korean Marines patrol along the coast on Yeonpyeong island, South Korea, early Monday, Dec. 20, 2010. A U.S. governor visiting North Korea ca...

South Korea Koreas Clash

South Korean residents take a shelter on Yeonpyeong Island, South Korea, Monday, Dec. 20, 2010. South Korea said it was going forward Monday with liv...

CORRECTION South Korea Koreas Clash

CORRECT DATE - South Korean Marines patrol along the coast on Yeonpyeong island, South Korea, Monday, Dec. 20, 2010. A U.S. governor visiting North...

South Korea Koreas Clash

A journalist walks by houses destroyed by last month's North Korean artillery shelling on Yeonpyeong island, South Korea, early Monday, Dec. 20, 2010...

South Korea Koreas Clash

A South Korean elderly woman watches a live TV breaking news about South Korea's live fire artillery at Seoul train station in Seoul, South Korea, Mo...

South Korea Koreas Clash

South Koreans watch a live TV breaking news about South Korea's live fire artillery drill at Seoul train station in Seoul, South Korea, Monday, Dec. ...

South Korea Koreas Clash

A South Korean man reacts as he watches a live TV breaking news about South Korea's live fire artillery drill at Seoul train station in Seoul, South ...

South Korea Koreas Clash

In this Thursday, June 18, 2009 photo, South Korean K-9 self-propelled gun howitzers fire during a military drill against possible attack from North ...

South Korea Koreas Clash

In this Feb. 2010 photo, South Korea's K-9 self-propelled guns fire during a military exercise in Yanggu, north of Seoul, South Korea. South Korea ...

North Korea backed off threats to retaliate against South Korea for military drills Monday and reportedly offered concessions on its nuclear program _ signs it was looking to lower the temperature on the Korean peninsula after weeks of soaring tensions.
But Pyongyang has feinted toward conciliation before and failed to follow through.
The North's gestures came after South Korea launched fighter jets, evacuated hundreds of residents near its tense land border with the North and sent residents of islands near disputed waters into underground bunkers in case Pyongyang followed through on its vow to attack over the drills.
"It appears that deterrence has been restored," said Daniel Pinkston, Seoul-based analyst with the International Crisis Group think tank. "The North Koreans only understand force or show of force."
This is not the first time that the North has taken the international community down this road. The North has previously been accused of using a mix of aggression and conciliatory gestures to force international negotiations that usually net it much-needed aid. Real progress, meanwhile, on efforts to rid the North of its nuclear weapons programs has been rare.
Monday's drills came nearly a month after the North shelled Yeonpyeong Island, a tiny enclave of fishing communities and military bases about seven miles (11 kilometers) from North Korean shores, in response to an earlier round of South Korean live-fire maneuvers. The North Korean artillery barrage killed two marines and two construction workers in its first attack targeting civilian areas since the 1950-53 Korean War. That clash sent tensions soaring between the two countries _ which are still technically at war.
They've remained in a tense standoff since the Nov. 23 attack, and an emergency meeting of U.N. diplomats in New York on Sunday failed to find any solution to the crisis.
But Monday brought some of the first positive signs in weeks, as a high-profile American governor announced what he said were two nuclear concessions from the North.
New Mexico Gov. Bill Richardson, a frequent unofficial envoy to North Korea and former U.S. ambassador to the U.N., said that during his visit the North agreed to let U.N. atomic inspectors visit its main nuclear complex to make sure it's not producing enriched uranium for a nuclear bomb, according to a statement from his office.
The North expelled U.N. inspectors last year, and last month showed a visiting American scientist a new, highly advanced uranium enrichment facility that could give it a second way to make atomic bombs, in addition to its plutonium program. Richardson also said that Pyongyang was willing to sell fresh fuel rods, potentially to South Korea.
"We had positive results," Richardson told Associated Press Television News at the Pyongyang airport on Monday night. He had been set to brief reporters once he landed in Beijing, but his flight was canceled.
Analyst Baek Seung-joo cautioned that the North's reported concessions are only a tactic aimed at easing international pressure. Baek, of the state-run Korea Institute for Defense Analyses in Seoul, said the comments would be significant if the North made them officially, rather than through Richardson.
The North was only sounding out U.S. and South Korean intentions by talking to Richardson, Baek said, and if the situation doesn't turn in the North's favor, it will back away.
Pyongyang is believed to be seeking one-on-one talks with the United States before returning to stalled nuclear disarmament negotiations hosted by China. The United States, however, has indicated that a resumption of those talks, without meaningful movement on past nuclear commitments from the North, could be seen as tantamount to rewarding North Korea for behaving badly.
China, on the other hand, has urged a resumption of the talks, and over the weekend, diplomats said it successfully prevented the U.N. Security Council from issuing a statement condemning the North's shelling _ as the U.S. and others had wanted.
Beijing is the North's most important ally and has come under pressure to leverage its influence to rein in the North in the wake of the attack. On Monday, a Chinese spokeswoman called again for "maximum restraint" on all sides _ just as the North announced it wouldn't retaliate.
Beijing, which provides crucial food and fuel aid to Pyongyang, is wary of pressuring the North in a way that could destabilize it, fearing in part the collapse of the government and a flood of refugees across the border into northeastern China.
It was unclear if Chinese pressure persuaded North Korea not to react to Monday's drills.
Richardson, in fact, appeared to suggest that his visit contributed to the North's backing down.
"During my meetings in Pyongyang, I repeatedly pressed North Korea not to retaliate. The result is that South Korea was able to flex its muscles, and North Korea reacted in a statesmanlike manner," Richardson said in a statement. "I hope this will signal a new chapter and a round of dialogue to lessen tension on the Korean peninsula."
North Korea called Monday's drills a "reckless military provocation" but said after they ended that it was holding its fire because Seoul had changed its firing zones.
The official Korean Central News Agency carried a military statement that suggested that the North viewed Monday's drills differently from the ones that provoked it last month because South Korean shells landed farther south of the North's shores.
The North claims the waters around Yeonpyeong as its territory, and during last month's artillery exchange, the North accused the South of firing artillery into its waters; the South said it fired shells southward, not toward the North.
South Korea's Joint Chiefs of Staff said its artillery Monday was fired in the same direction _ toward waters southwest of the island, not toward the North _ just as during last month's maneuvers.
"North Korea appeared to have issued this statement because it was afraid" of a full-blown war with South Korea, a Joint Chiefs of Staff officer said on condition of anonymity citing department rules.
South Korean President Lee Myung-bak ordered preparations to cope with any possible attack by North Korea, even after the drills were over.
Several bloody naval skirmishes have occurred along the disputed western sea border between the two Koreas in recent years. The North does not recognize the U.N.-drawn sea border in the area.
___
Klug reported from Seoul. AP writers Hyung-jin Kim and Kelly Olsen in Seoul and Gillian Wong in Beijing contributed to this report.


Updated : 2021-10-25 13:23 GMT+08:00