By The Associated Press
2013-05-14 08:07 AM
Highlights in history on this date:
1471 - England's King Henry VI is murdered on orders from the future King Edward VI.
1541 - Members of a Spanish expedition seeking gold, led by Hernando de Soto, become the first Europeans to see the Mississippi River, south of what is now Memphis, Tennessee.
1542 - Spanish explorer Hernando De Soto dies while searching for gold along the Mississippi River.
1813 - Battle of Bautzen, Germany, between France's Napoleon Bonaparte and the armies of Prussia and Russia, ends with heavy losses on both sides.
1840 - New Zealand is declared a British colony.
1892 - The opera "I Pagliacci," by Ruggiero Leoncavallo, is first performed, in Milan, Italy.
1894 - Serbian Constitution of 1869 is restored.
1924 - Fourteen-year-old Bobby Franks is murdered in a "thrill killing" committed by Nathan Leopold Jr. and Richard Loeb, two students at the University of Chicago.
1927 - U.S. aviator Charles A. Lindbergh lands in Paris, completing the first solo airplane flight across Atlantic Ocean.
1944 - Allied forces break through Hitler Line in Italy during World War II.
1945 - Lauren Bacall and Humphrey Bogart are married.
1956 - First hydrogen bomb is exploded by United States over Bikini Atoll in Pacific.
1959 - The musical "Gypsy," inspired by the life of stripper Gypsy Rose Lee, opens on Broadway.
1964 - United States discloses that U.S. planes are making reconnaissance flights over central Laos to gain information on Communist forces.
1965 - Colombian government decrees nationwide state of siege following widespread student disorders.
1967 - More than 300 people die in department store fire in Brussels, Belgium.
1968 - The nuclear-powered U.S. submarine Scorpion, with 99 men aboard goes missing. The remains of the sub are later found on the ocean floor 645 kilometers (400 miles) southwest of the Azores.
1970 - West Germany's Chancellor Willy Brandt and East Germany's Premier Willi Stoph hold second summit meeting, which ends in stalemate.
1974 - Thailand government resigns seven months after being swept into power by student rebellion that overthrew military regime.
1982 - British troops establish a beachhead on Falkland Islands. Argentine forces on the island surrender three weeks later.
1983 - Five people are injured and several arrested when demonstrators protesting Nazi storm troopers reunion in Bad Hersfeld, West Germany, clash with neo-Nazis and riot police.
1984 - In Bombay, India, troops battle thousands of rioters in Hindu-Muslim violence that has claimed 108 lives.
1988 - Soviet Communist Party dismisses party leaders in southern republics of Armenia and Azerbaijan, where 32 people have died in ethnic turmoil so far in 1988.
1989 - Students occupying Tiananmen Square in China reject government ultimatum to leave the square.
1991 - Rajiv Gandhi, candidate for prime minister of India, is assassinated by Sri Lanka's separatist Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam rebels in a suicide bomb attack in the South Indian city of Madras.
1992 - Peace returns to Bangkok, Thailand, after four days in which police and soldiers fought with pro-democracy protesters.
1993 - Venezuelan Senate suspends President Carlos Andres Perez over embezzlement allegations.
1994 - Bakili Muluzi sworn in as Malawi's first democratically elected president.
1996 - A ferry strikes a rock and sinks in Lake Victoria in Tanzania. About 550 people drown.
1997 - Ukraine and Poland sign a reconciliation agreement to formally end conflict and put centuries of bloodshed behind them.
1998 - After weeks of protests and riots in Indonesia, President Suharto resigns, ending a 32-year reign.
1999 - NATO planes bomb a rebel base in Kosovo, thinking it is still in the hands of Yugoslav forces. At least one rebel is killed.
2001 - The U.N. Security Council declares the Congo River open again after 2 1/2 years of war. The closure had affected food and medicine for millions across Congo.
2002 - The U.S. lifts a freeze on financial aid to Yugoslavia, citing the country's commitment to cooperate with the International Criminal Tribunal. The aid was suspended because of Yugoslavia's perceived failure to assist the tribunal in apprehending war crimes suspects.
2007 - Lebanese troops blast the Palestinian refugee camp of Nahr el-Bared with artillery and tank fire, seeking to destroy a militant group with al-Qaida ties in the worst internal violence since the devastating 1975-1990 civil war.
2008 - A group of up to 300 young men brutally kill 11 people who were accused of being witches and wizards in western Kenya.
2009 - The Gurkhas, storied Nepalese warriors who have served in the British military for two centuries, get the automatic right to settle in Britain, gaining a hard-won victory after years of lawsuits and lobbying.
2010 - Roman Catholic Church officials say that the recently created first synthetic cell could be a positive development if correctly used, but warn scientists that only God can create life.
2011 - President Alassane Ouattara is inaugurated as Ivory Coast's president in the stately ceremony he should have enjoyed six months ago, but was prevented from holding by the entrenched ruler who refused to accept his election defeat and nearly dragged the West African nation into civil war in a bid to stay in power.
2012 - President Barack Obama and leaders around the globe lock in place their exit path from the war in Afghanistan, affirming they will close the largely stalemated conflict at the end of 2014 but keep their troops fighting and dying there for two more years.
Albrecht Duerer, German artist (1471-1528); Alexander Pope, English poet (1686-1744); Henri Rousseau, French painter (1844-1910); Lazaro Cardenas, Mexican president (1895-1970); Andrey Sakharov, Russian physicist, dissident and Nobel Peace Prize laureate (1921-1989); J. Malcolm Fraser, former Australian prime minister (1930--); Leo Sayer, British singer (1948--); Mr. T, U.S. actor (1952--); Al Franken, U.S. comedian/politician (1951--).
Thought For Today:
A ship in the harbor is safe. But that's not what ships are built for _ Anonymous.