By The Associated Press
2013-02-05 06:48 AM
Highlights in history on this date:
1554 - Lady Jane Grey, who claimed the throne of England for nine days, is beheaded after being charged with treason.
1577 - Don John of Austria, new Governor of the Netherlands, issues edict to settle civil war.
1610 - France's King Henry IV signs alliance with German Protestant Union.
1689 - Declaration of Rights in England, in which William and Mary are proclaimed King and Queen for life.
1733 - James Oglethorpe and a group of unemployed and newly freed British debtors land in Savannah, Georgia, as part of England's colonial expansion plan.
1736 - Nadir Shah becomes King of Persia.
1870 - Women in the Utah Territory gain the right to vote.
1885 - German East Africa Company is chartered.
1899 - Germany buys Pacific islands of Marianas, Carolines and Palau from Spain.
1909 - The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is founded in the U.S.
1912 - Pu Yi, the last emperor of China, abdicates, ending more than 2,000 years of imperial rule.
1915 - The cornerstone for the Lincoln Memorial is laid in Washington.
1924 - George Gershwin's "Rhapsody in Blue" premieres in New York City.
1934 - More than 1,000 people are believed killed in clashes between the Austro-Fascist government of Engelbert Dollfuss and leftist workers.
1953 - Britain and Egypt agree to end Anglo-Egyptian rule of Sudan and take steps toward granting self-rule.
1970 - Israeli air raid on scrap metal plant in Egypt kills 70 civilians.
1973 - The first release of American prisoners of war from the Vietnam conflict takes place after American and Vietnamese representatives meet in Paris and sign an agreement in January.
1974 - Alexander Solzhenitsyn, Soviet Nobel Prize winner, is arrested at his Moscow apartment and is exiled the following day.
1986 - Andrija Artukovic, 86, is extradited from United States to Yugoslavia to stand trial for war crimes during World War II. He later dies awaiting execution.
1990 - At least 18 die in ethnic rioting in Dushanbe, capital of Soviet republic of Tajikistan.
1992 - U.N. Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali opens peace talks aimed at reaching a cease-fire in Somalia.
1993 - Ousted Mali dictator Moussa Traore and three top aides are sentenced to death for ordering killing of unarmed pro-democracy protesters.
1994 - Norwegian Edvard Munch's painting "The Scream" is stolen from a museum in Oslo. It is recovered three months later in a police sting operation.
1995 - Zairian soldiers begin to police Rwandan refugee camps in Zaire as part of a U.N. peacekeeping operation.
1996 - More than 300 cars pile up on a fog-shrouded highway in northern Italy, killing at least 11 people and injuring hundreds.
1997 - Hwang Jang Yop, a confidant of North Korean leader Kim Jong II, defects in Beijing and seeks asylum in South Korea.
1998 - Cuba releases "several dozen" prisoners, whose freedom was sought by Pope John Paul II during his January trip to Cuba.
1999 - U.S. President Bill Clinton is acquitted by the Senate in an impeachment trial stemming from the Monica Lewinsky scandal.
2000 - "Peanuts" creator Charles Schulz dies at 77 following a battle with colon cancer, just as the last original comic strip of his half-century career was being published in newspapers worldwide.
2002 - Pakistani authorities arrest Ahmad Omar Saeed Sheikh, a British-born Islamic militant, as the prime suspect in the January kidnapping of Daniel Pearl, a U.S. reporter for the Wall Street Journal newspaper.
2003 - At least 30 people die and 160 others are injured in riots in La Paz, Bolivia, as striking police officers and protesters clash with the military.
2005 - Police kill three demonstrators when thousands of protesters rampage and set fires that send a pall of smoke over Lome's turquoise coast, as pressure at home and abroad mounts against Togo's army-installed president.
2007 - An Iraqi court sentences Saddam Hussein's former deputy to death for his role in the killings of Shiites in the Iraqi town of Dujail in 1982. The court ruled that Taha Yassin Ramadan's earlier sentence of life in prison was too lenient.
2008 - Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd apologizes on behalf of Australian government to indigenous people for past injustices.
2009 - For the second day in a row, the U.S. Navy captures suspected pirates in the Gulf of Aden after an Indian-flagged merchant ship sends a distress call saying it is under attack.
2010 - A men's Olympic luger from the country of Georgia dies after a high-speed crash on a track that is the world's fastest and has raised safety concerns among competitors. Tearful Olympics president Jacques Rogge says the death hours before the opening ceremony in Vancouver, British Columbia, "clearly casts a shadow over these games."
2011 - Thousands of Algerians defy government warnings and dodge barricades and riot police to rally in their capital, demanding democratic reforms a day after mass protests toppled Egypt's autocratic ruler.
2012 _ Greece's parliament approves an austerity and debt-relief bill, crucial for the country to avoid bankruptcy and remain in the eurozone.
Charles Darwin, English scientist (1809-1882); Abraham Lincoln, U.S. president (1809-1865); Franco Zeffirelli, Italian director (1923--); Michael Ironside, Canadian actor (1950--); Christina Ricci U.S. actress (1980--); Josh Brolin, U.S. actor (1968--).
Thought For Today:
No man is good enough to govern another man without that other's consent _ Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865).