By The Associated Press
2013-01-29 07:34 AM
Highlights in history on this date:
1679 - Peace of Nijmegen is declared between Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I and France's King Louis XIV.
1782 - Spanish forces capture Minorca Island, off Spain, from British.
1792 - Tippoo of Mysore, India, who is defeated in war with British and Hyderabad, cedes half of Mysore to British.
1811 - British Regency Act is passed, whereby the Prince of Wales becomes Prince Regent during King George III's temporary insanity.
1885 - Congo state is established as a personal possession of Belgium's King Leopold II.
1887 - Verdi's opera "Otello" premieres at La Scala, in Milan, Italy.
1917 - Mexico becomes a federated republic of 28 states; U.S. Congress passes, overriding President Woodrow Wilson's veto, a law severely curtailing the immigration of Asians.
1958 - Gamel Abdel Nasser is formally nominated to become the first president of the new United Arab Republic, the union of Egypt and Syria.
1962 - France's President Charles de Gaulle calls for independence for Algeria on basis of friendly cooperation with France.
1971 - U.S. Apollo 14 astronauts land on Moon.
1976 - Earthquake in Guatemala takes almost 23,000 lives.
1989 - Algeria's president proposes new national constitution, dropping references to socialism and opening door to multiparty system.
1990 - Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev, addressing the party plenum, says the Communist Party must abandon its monopoly on power.
1991 - Iraq, under attack by the U.S. and its allies, suspends fuel sales to its citizens.
1992 - U.N. declines deployment of 10,000-man U.N. peacekeeping force in Yugoslavia.
1993 - Up to 200 Somali youths hurl rocks at U.S. forces and set tire barricades ablaze in the belief that American troops shot to death a Somali man.
1994 - A single mortar shell kills 68 people in a Sarajevo marketplace; White separatist Byron de la Beckwith is convicted in Jackson, Mississippi, for murdering civil rights leader Medgar Evers, three decades earlier.
1995 - Peru and Ecuador break off cease-fire talks and fighting flares again along their disputed jungle border.
1997 - Three Swiss banking giants announce they will contribute US$71 million to open a humanitarian fund for Holocaust victims.
1998 - More than 600,000 plantation workers in Sri Lanka go on strike for higher wages, crippling key sectors of the country's economy. They return to work ten days later.
1999 - The 80-year-old President Nelson Mandela of South Africa delivers his last major address to Parliament.
2001 - Four men go on trial in New York in the 1998 bombings of two U.S. embassies in Africa, which killed 224 people; Blast in Moscow subway injures at least nine.
2002 - Belgian Foreign Minister Louis Michel apologizes for his country's role in the 1961 assassination of then-Congolese leader Patrice Lumumba. He offers a US$3.25 million fund in Lumumba's name to promote democracy in Congo.
2003 - North Korea announces its nuclear reactor at Yongbyon has resumed operations. North Korea in December 2002 declared its intention to reopen the facility, as part of a series of announced moves to resume its nuclear programs, which it had agreed to suspend in 1994.
2004 - Uganda's Lord's Resistance Army rebels attack a refugee camp in the north, killing 54 civilians and two soldiers. The shadowy rebel group, which has little contact with the outside world, has fought for 17 years to overthrow President Yoweri Museveni, but mostly attacks civilians to steal food and abduct children for use as fighters or concubines.
2005 - NATO helicopter gunships find the shattered wreckage of an Afghan airliner on a frigid mountain east of Kabul. Officials doubt any of the 104 people aboard could have survived.
2006 - A bomb explosion rips through a passenger bus, killing at least 13 people and wounding 20 others in a province of southwestern Pakistan wracked by growing tribal unrest.
2007 - Somalia's government begins a weeklong meeting with elders, traditional chiefs and representatives of aid groups to try to reconcile Somalis after 16 years of conflict.
2008 - At least seven civilians, including four children, are killed during a military operation against al-Qaida-linked militants on a southern Philippine island.
2009 - As U.S. Navy ships look on, Somali pirates speed away with $3.2 million in ransom after releasing an arms-laden Ukrainian freighter _ ending a four-month standoff that focused world attention on piracy off Somalia's lawless coast.
2010 - Toyota's president emerges from seclusion to apologize and address criticism that the automaker mishandled a crisis over sticking gas pedals. Yet he stops short of ordering a recall for the company's Prius hybrid for braking problems.
2011 _ Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki will not run for a third term in 2014, an adviser says, limiting himself in the name of democracy while keeping a wary eye on the popular anger at governments across the Middle East.
2012 _ The United States proposes an international coalition to support Syria's opposition after Russia and China blocked a U.N. attempt to end nearly 11 months of bloodshed, raising fears that violence will escalate.
Sir Robert Peel, English statesman after whom British police are called "Bobbies" (1788-1850); Johan Ludvig Runeberg, Finnish national poet (1804-1877); John Lindley, English botanist (1799-1865); William S. Burroughs, U.S. writer (1914-1997); Andreas Papandreou, Greek prime minister (1919-1996); Jennifer Jason Leigh, U.S. actress (1962--); Bobby Brown, U.S. singer (1969--); Laura Linney, U.S. actress (1964--).
Thought For Today:
Many excellent words are ruined by too definite a knowledge of their meaning. _ Aline Kilmer, American poet (1888-1941).